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2015 | 63 | 3, Special No: Sedmkrát z logiky a metodologie vědy | 125-142
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Vedecké inštrumenty a skutočnosť

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EN
Scientific instruments and reality
Języki publikacji
SK
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EN
The aim of this paper is to investigate the role played by scientific instruments in the mediation of access to reality. We focus on instruments used in physics for experi¬ments and measurement. Their role ranges from rendering accurate the description of the phenomena which are uncovered, as well as of common experience, to provid¬ing access to phenomena which in normal experience have no analogy, and to testing scientific theories. The progress of science often leads to the discovery of new instru¬ments and to the emergence of new instrumental practice. In the light of this new practice, some theoretical entities, postulated by the preceding theories, will be con¬firmed and will become a lasting part of physical reality (as the intersection of several instrumental practices – for example, atoms, postulated in theories of chemical reac¬tions, were later confirmed by spectrometers), while others will be dissolved (if the new instrumental practice comes into conflict with the predictions of older theory – for example caloricum, postulated in the 18th century in thermodynamics, was re¬futed by means of calorimetry in the 19th century). This tension between instrumen¬tal practice and the progress of scientific theories grounds a dynamic which results in an instrumentally-constituted reality.
Twórcy
  • Filosofický časopis, redakce, Filosofický ústav AV ČR, v.v.i., Jilská 1, 110 00 Praha 1, Czech Republic
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Bibliografia
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