Aging-orientation of population before retirement in Poland
Recent demographic projections for Poland over the next twenty five years assume that life expectance will rise to 77,2 for males and to 83,5 for females. Over the same period, fertility rate is assumed to recover somewhat, but to reach only 1,2 children per woman on the average, well below 2,1 children required to maintain a stable population. The combination of increased longevity and lover fertility would normally be associated with quickly ageing population. The number of people aged 65 years and over will rise, particularly in the years after 2014, to about 8,5 million by 2030. There are expected substantial increase in outlay of social security system and national health care system. The results of survey conducted in Poland in the end of 2004 allowed the formation of basis for assuming that in the Polish society the need to provide for security in old age is apparent and households undertake some activities to satisfy this need. However focusing on such a rational behaviour is not common. Over half of households in 2004 didn't concentrate their attention on life condition in old age. The expected substantial increase in national health care system's outlay can be softened by improving of state of health of aged and increasing households savings by the developing aging-oriented attitudes.
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