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2016 | Vol. 10, no. 3 | 517--521
Tytuł artykułu

The Human Element and Autonomous Ships

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Języki publikacji
EN
Abstrakty
EN
The autonomous ship technology has become a “hot” topic in the discussion about more efficient, environmentally friendly and safer sea transportation solutions. The time is becoming mature for the introduction of commercially sensible solutions for unmanned and fully autonomous cargo and passenger ships. Safety will be the most interesting and important aspect in this development. The utilization of the autonomous ship technology will have many effects on the safety, both positive and negative. It has been announced that the goal is to make the safety of an unmanned ship better that the safety of a manned ship. However, it must be understood that the human element will still be present when fully unmanned ships are being used. The shore-based control of a ship contains new safety aspects and an interesting question will be the interaction of manned and unmanned ships in the same traffic area. The autonomous ship technology should therefore be taken into account on the training of seafarers. Also it should not be forgotten that every single control algorithm and rule of the internal decision making logic of the autonomously navigating ship has been designed and coded by a human software engineer. Thus the human element is present also in this point of the lifetime navigation system of the autonomous ship.
Wydawca

Rocznik
Strony
517--521
Opis fizyczny
Bibliogr. 8 poz.,
Twórcy
  • Satakunta University of Applied Sciences, Rauma, Finland
Bibliografia
  • 1 Ahvenjärvi, S. 2002a. Can a Software Engineer Navigate and Steer a Ship? Conference paper presented at Nordcompass 2002 Femte nordiska seminariet om passagerarfartyg 11.‐12.3.2002
  • 2 Ahvenjärvi, S. 2002b. Audible Feedback for Monitoring of Critical Signals on Ships, Conference paper at Nordic Ergonomics Society ‐ 34th Annual Congress ʺHumans in Complex Environment. Innovate, Integrate, Implement” Linköping, Sweden
  • 3 Ahvenjärvi, S. 2009. Safety of the Integrated Navigation System of a Ship in Fault Situations, Doctoral thesis, Tampere University of Technology, Tampere.
  • 4 Leveson, N. 1995. Safeware: System Safety and Computers, Addison‐Wesley Publishing Company, USA, p. 108.
  • 5 MUNIN PROJECT. Technical reports at the MUNIN web site: http://www.unmanned‐ship.org/munin/ [acc. 2016‐09‐10]
  • 6 Onnettomuustutkintakeskus, 2001. Matkustaja‐autolautta ISABELLA, pohjakosketus Staholmin luona Ahvenanmaalla 20.12.2001 Onnettomuustutkintakeskus, Helsinki. (in Finnish)
  • 7 National Transportation Safety Board, NTSB, 1997. Grounding of the Panamanian passenger ship Royal Majesty on Rose and Crown shoal near Nantucket, MA, June 10,1995 (Marine accident report NTSB/MAR‐97/01). Washington DC: NTSB
  • 8 Rasmussen, J. 1982. Human errors: A taxonomy for describing human malfunction in industrial installations, Journal of Occupational Accidents, vol. 4, Elsevier Scientific Publishers, pp. 311‐335.
Uwagi
PL
Opracowanie ze środków MNiSW w ramach umowy 812/P-DUN/2016 na działalność upowszechniającą naukę.
Typ dokumentu
Bibliografia
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bwmeta1.element.baztech-e99e196c-33d0-4827-bc59-8ad931a746dc
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