THE DETERMINANTS OF LOGISTICS OUTSOURCING DECISION. AN EMPIRICAL STUDY
Carried out within the French Dairy Industry, this qualitative and quantitative research allowed describing the practices of logistic externalisation in a very little investigated field. The results, treated 'activity by activity' showed that contrary to what is often stated, the logistic components of management are rarely outsourced. The article attempts to apprehend the major reasons for this policy. On the other hand, the outsourcing of transport is standardized and the reasons which influence this choice are not only economic. The interest not to treat outsourcing of activities uniformly is thus shown. Theoretical and praxeologic contributions make it possible to show avoidance and risk reduction strategies the benefit of both outsourcer and TPL.
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