SELF-DISCREPANCIES IN AGENTIC AND COMMUNAL PERSONALITY TRAITS AS PREDICTORS OF WELL-BEING
The present paper examines discrepancies between perceived and ideal aspects of agentic (masculine) and communal (feminine) personality traits, which are the central parts of gender schema. In accordance with self-discrepancy theory the authors hypothesized that these discrepancies would add an important variance to well-being. 260 Slovene high school students and undergraduates completed measures of perceived and ideal agentic and communal personality traits and different indicators of well-being. The results only partly support self-discrepancy theory: after controlling for perceived and ideal aspects of agency and communion, which accounted for up to 40% of variance, only discrepancy in agency accounts for a significant (4%) portion of variance, and that only in negative indicators of well-being in males. The usefulness of the calculated self-discrepancy approach is discussed through the lens of cognitive models of self.
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