Correlations of handgrip strength with selected hand-anthropometric variables in university softball players
Study aim: To assess the handgrip strength in Indian university softball players as dependent on selected hand-anthropometric variables.Material and methods: Indian university softball players (121 males and 122 females) and untrained controls (98 males and 102 females) aged 18 - 25 years participated in the study. The following variables were recorded: body height and mass, BMI, right hand width and length, lengths of the right 2nd, 3rd and 4th digits and right handgrip strength.Results: One-way ANOVA showed significant differences (p<0.05 - 0.001) in all the characteristics studied, except body height, right hand length and right 2nd digit length among these four sets of data. The right handgrip strength was significantly correlated (p<0.01 - 0.001) with all the variables studied. Both in male and female softball players, the partition of R2 into the contributions of individual independent variables revealed that body height (18%), hand width (11%), body mass (8%) and hand length (5%) significantly contributed to the total variance (44%) of handgrip strength.Conclusions: The data might be useful in selecting players and in talent identification for softball.
- Barut C., P. Demirel, S. Kiran (2008) Evaluation of hand anthropometric measurements and grip strength in basketball, volleyball and handball players. Anatomy 2:55-59.
- Benefice E., R. Malina (1996) Body size, body composition and motor performances of mild-to-moderately undernourished Senegalese children. Ann. Hum. Biol. 23:307-321.[PubMed][Crossref]
- Bohannon RW. (1997) Reference values for extremity muscle strength obtained by handheld dynamometer from adults aged 20 to 79 years. Arch. Phys. Med. Rehab. 78:26-32.
- Brylinskyl J., M. J. C. F. Melanie (1992) The effect of using a weighted softball on pitching velocity, wrist strength and handgrip. J. Strength Cond. Res. 6:170-173.
- Budoff J. E. (2004) The prevalence of rotator cuff weakness in patients with injured hands. J. Hand Surg. 29:1154-1159.[Crossref]
- Chatterjee S., B. J. Chowdhuri (1991) Comparison of grip strength and isometric endurance between the right and left hands of men and their relationship with age and other physical parameters. J. Hum. Ergol. 20:41-50.
- Foo L. H. (2007) Influence of body composition, muscle strength, diet and physical activity on total body and forearm bone mass in Chinese adolescent girls. Br. J. Nutr. 98:1281-1287.[WoS]
- Fry A. C., M. D. Ciroslan, C. D. Fry, C. D. LeRoux, B. K. Schilling (2006) Anthropometric and performance variables discriminating elite American junior men weightlifters. J. Strength Cond. Res. 20:861-866.
- Giardina D., H. Leslie, L. Raridon, D. Zimmer (1997) Relationship of grip strength and forearm size to bat velocity in college female softball players. IAHPERD J. 30(2). http://www.iowaahperd.org/journal/j97s_baseball.html
- Jeejeebhoy K. N. (1998) Nutritional assessment. Gastroentrol. Clin. North Am. 27:347-369.
- Jurimae T., J. Hurbo, J. Jurimae (2009) Relationship of handgrip strength with anthropometric and body composition variables in prepubertal children. J. Copmar. Hum. Biol. 60:225-238.[WoS][Crossref]
- Kaur N., S. Koley (2010) An association of nutritional status and hand grip strength in female laborers and sedentary women of Jalandhar, Punjab, India. Anthropologist 12:237-243.
- Keogh J. (1999) The use of physical fitness scores and anthropometric data to predict selection in an elite under-18 Australian rules football team. J. Sport Sci. Med. 2:125-133.[Crossref]
- Koley S., A. P. Singh (2009) An association of dominant hand grip strength with some anthropometric variables in Indian collegiate population. Anthropol. Anz. 67:21-28.[WoS]
- Koley S., N. Kaur (2009) A Study on handgrip strength and some anthropometric variables in younger and older female labourers of Jalandhar, Punjab, India. Int. J. Biol. Anthropol. 3(2). http://www.ispub.com/journal/the_internet_journal_of_biological_anthropology/volume_3_number_2_59/article/a-study-onhandgrip-strength-and-some-anthropometric-variables-in-younger-and-older-female-laborers-of-jalandhar-punjab-india.html
- Koley S., M. K. Yadav (2009) An association of hand grip strength with some anthropometric variables in Indian cricket players. Facta Universitatis, Series: Phys. Educ. Sports 7:113-123.
- Koley S., N. Kaur, J. S. Sandhu (2009) Association of handgrip strength and some anthropometric traits in female laborers of Jalandhar, Punjab, India. J. Life Sci. 1:57-62.
- Koley S., J. Singh, J. S. Sandhu (2010) Anthropometric and physiological characteristics on Indian inter-university volleyball players. J. Hum. Sport Exerc. 5:389-399.[Crossref]
- Lohmann T. G., A. F. Roche, R. Martorell (1988) Anthropometric Standardization Reference Manual. Human Kinetics Books, Champaign IL.
- Nwuga V. (1975) Grip strength and grip endurance in physical therapy students. Arch. Phys. Med. Rehab. 56:296-299.
- Pieterse S., M. Manandhar, S. Ismail (2002) The association between nutritional status and hand grip strength in older Rwandan refugees. Eur. J. Clin. Nutr. 56:933-939.[Crossref]
- Poliquin C. (2006) The Poliquin International Certification Program Theory II Manual. East Greenwich RI. Pp 2-42.
- Richards L., B. Olson, P. Palmiter-Thomas (1996) How forearm position affects grip strength. Am. J. Occup. Therapy 50:133-139.
- Ross C. H., B. Rösblad (2002) Norms for grip strength in children aged 4-16 years. A. Paediatr. 91:617-625.
- Samson M. M., B. I. Meeuwsen, A. Crowe, J. E. Dessens, SA. Duursma, H. J. Verhaar (2000) Relationships between physical performance measures, age, height and body weight in healthy adults. Age and Ageing 29:235-242.[PubMed]
- Stupnicki R., P. Tomaszewski, K. Milde (2007) Contributions of age, body height and body mass to the total variance of an example physical fitness variable. Papers Anthropol. 16:266-272.
- Terbizan D. J., M. Waldera, P. Seljevold, D. J. Schwigert (1996) Physiological characteristics of masters women fastpitch softball players. J Strength Cond. Res. 10:157-160.
- Tsunawake N., Y. Tahara, K. Moji, S. Muraki, K. Minowa, K. Yukawa (2003) Body composition and physical fitness of female volleyball and basketball players of the Japan inter-high school championship teams. J. Physiol. (Anthropol. Appl. Hum. Sci.) 22:195-201.
- Watters D. A., AA. Haffejee, I. B. Angom, K. J. Duffy (1985) Nutritional assessment by hand grip dynamometry. S. Afr. Med. J. 68:585-587.
- Werner S. L., G. J. Deryk, J. A. Guido, M. E. Brunet (2006) Kinematics and kinetics of elite windmill softball pitching. Am. J Sports Med. 34:597-603.[Crossref]
- Yasuo G., T. Daisaku, M. Nariyuki, S. Junya, O. Toshihiko, M. Masahiko, M. Yashiyuki (2005) Relationship between grip strength and surgical results in rotator cuff tears. Shoulder Joint 29:559-562.