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W tej pracy przedstawiono możliwości zastosowania geofizycznych sond otworowych, tj. kawernomierza wielkośrednicowego i echosondy ultradźwiękowej, które zostały skonstruowane przez Ośrodek Badawczo-Rozwojowy Górnictwa Surowców Chemicznych „CHEMKOP” Sp. z o.o. do badania kształtu i rozmiarów kawern powstałych w wysadach oraz pokładach solnych. Zbadano zarówno w warunkach laboratoryjnych, jak i rzeczywistych wpływ temperatury, ciśnienia i zasolenia cieczy na prędkość rozchodzenia fali ultradźwiękowej. Podano również sposoby określenia granicy między szyją a stropem kawern, granicy rozdziału faz między gazem a solanką zawartych w kawernach. Badania te realizowane są na etapie eksploatacji pokładu soli złożowej oraz podczas magazynowania w kawernach węglowodorów ciekłych lub gazowych.
This paper presents the application possibilities of the large-scale cavernometer and echo probe produced by CHEMKOP Company in the study of the shape and geometrical parameters of the underground caverns formed in consequence of salt deposits exploitation. The influence of temperature, pressure and mineralization of the brine on the propagation velocity of the acoustic wave was tested in both laboratory and real conditions. The methods for localization of the boundary between borehole and cavern body as well as the boundary between gas and brine were proposed. The measurements of the geometrical parameter using the mentioned probes could be made during salt exploitation as well as during accumulation of the hydrocarbon liquid fuel in the studied caverns.
Generally, underground ancient canals are infilled with alluvial materials, with the canal bed and substrate often having different resistivity values. This study aimed to determine the location and morphology of Malleret’s ancient canal 16 located to the southeast of the Ba The mountain, Mekong Delta, Vietnam by means of geophysical techniques. Two geophysical methods were used: electromagnetic profile and electric resisitivity tomography. A geoelectric structure 70 m long with 70–95 mS/m of apparent conductivity was found. On the electrical resistivity tomography section, a resistivity zone of 10–20 Ω∙m, 1–4 m deep, 70 m wide corresponds to the mentioned above geoelectric structure, which is in an asymmetric U-shape extending toward the southeastern bank of canal 16. Hand-augering confirmed that the canal bed is fully incised into Holocene sediments as a substrate which stretches down to the Pleistocene. The sediments are composed of loams mixed with plant remains with a resistivity ρ ~ 10–15 Ω∙m. Both of the canal banks at a depth of 5 m are made up of Holocene sedi-ments (ρ ~ 4–10 Ω∙m). The 14C measurements determined the age of the organic matter in the canal as being equal to 1210 ±85 BP, suggesting canal 16 ceased being operational at that time. The precise positioning of canal 16 on the ground surface, as well as identifying the morphology of the canal bed, were corroborated by geophysical techniques. The obtained results are of considerable value to archaeologists.
Effectiveness of transient electromagnetic method (TEM) used for the localization of Pb–Zn ore bodies at the Cho Don deposit, province Bac Can, North Vietnam is appraised based on the modelling processes results. Conductive Pb–Zn ore bodies hosted in high-resistive limestone are in good conditions for the application of the TEM. The modelling process relays on the calculation of the voltage decay in time domain formed from the induced magnetic field diffusing into the study medium, when a pulse current with a given frequency is flowing in a transmitting loop coil. The model results show that the power current of 1 A transmitted from the coils with 100 or 400 m of size is effective for localization of the Zn–Pb ore bodies. However, the resolution and penetration depth of the TEM with a coil of L = 100 m is better and shorter in comparison with those in the case using the coil L = 400 m.
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