Purpose: High work speeds of mechanisms, using materials with high flexibility, high precision of work, etc. are the cause of searching of the new ways of modelling. One of these ways is presented in this thesis. The main purpose of this thesis is the dynamical analysis with taking into consideration the interaction between main motion and local vibrations during the model is loaded by longitudinal forces. Design/methodology/approach: Derived equations of motion were made by classical methods, with generalized coordinates and generalized velocities assumed as orthogonal projections of individual coordinates and velocities of the rod and manipulators to axes of the global inertial frame. Findings: Mathematical model of the longitudinally vibrating systems in terms of plane motion can be put to use to derivation of the dynamical flexibility of these systems, and also those equations are the starting point to the analysis of complex systems, especially we can use those equations to derivation of the substitute dynamical flexibility of n-linked systems in transportation. Research limitations/implications: In the thesis were considered mechanical systems vibrating longitudinally in terms of rotation. Next problem of dynamical analysis is the analysis of systems in non-planar transportation and systems loaded by transversal forces. Practical implications: Results of this thesis can be put to use into machines and mechanisms in transportation such as: wind power plant, high speed turbines, rotors, manipulators and in aerodynamics issues, etc. Originality/value: Up to now there were analyzed beams and rods in a separate way, first main motion of the system and after that the local vibrations. The new approach of modelling were presented by authors of this thesis, a new modelling took into consideration the interaction between those two displacements. There was defined the transportation effect for models vibrating longitudinally in this thesis.