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1
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Journal of KONES
EN Oils can be optically described by two parameters: light absorption coefficient and light refraction coefficient. Spectrum of absorption coefficient manifests itself in colour of oil, whereas spectrum of refraction coefficient impacts on both refractive and reflective properties of interface between[...]
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Journal of KONES
EN It is oblivious, various properties of fuels cause different thermal loads of engines. Question is, how big is this effect and what fuel compound and its property play insignificant part. This paper is focused on problem of quality of diesel commercial fuels in Polish market and it is a challenge to[...]
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Journal of KONES
2013 Vol. 20, No. 1 135--138
EN The paper presents search for objective and quantitative method of determination usefulness of various loose sorbents destined for cleaning surfaces polluted with oil. The motivation to take up the topic is that oil pollution emergence in marine areas remains still as the environmental problem. Duri[...]
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Forum Eksploatatora
2011 Nr 5 (56) 30-33
PL W roku 2008 wytworzono w Polsce 567,3 tys. ton s.m. (suchej masy) komunalnych osadów ściekowych [1]. Co więcej, szacuje się, iż ilość ta w roku 2018 wyniesie aż 706,6 tys. ton s.m., zaś w roku 2020 już niemal milion ton s.m. [2]. Polskie oczyszczalnie ścieków obsługują w Polsce 63% społeczeństwa. Ws[...]
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Paliwa, Oleje i Smary w Eksploatacji
EN Environmental projection requirements, increased cost of fuel and other factors call for the continuous improvement of I. C. engine (internal combustion engine). It can however, be done to certain limits, taking into account worthwhileness. Cumulated angine efficiency is rather small. Dvelopment of [...]
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Paliwa, Oleje i Smary w Eksploatacji
EN Environmental projection requirements, increased cost of fuel and other factors call for the continuous improvement of I. C. engine (internal combustion engine). It can however, be done to certain limits, taking into account worthwhileness. Cumulated engine efficiency is rather small. Development of[...]
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Paliwa, Oleje i Smary w Eksploatacji
EN Environmental projection requirements, increased cost of fuel and other factors call for the continuous improvement of I. C. engine (internal combustion engine). It can however, be done to certain limits, taking into account worthwhileness. Cumulated engine efficiency is rather small. Development of[...]
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Paliwa, Oleje i Smary w Eksploatacji
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Paliwa, Oleje i Smary w Eksploatacji
EN Environmental projection requirements, increased cost of fuel and other factor call for the continuous improvement of I. C. engine (internal combustion engine). It can however, be done to certain limits, taking into account worthwhileness. Cumulated engine efficiency is rather small. Development of [...]
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Prace Instytutu Lotnictwa
PL Artykuł przedstawia zakres problemów dotyczących rozwoju paliw lotniczych. Rys historyczny paliw lotniczych, począwszy od pierwszego lotu braci Wright w 1903 roku, poprzez czasy pierwszej i drugiej wojen światowych wprowadzają nas w czasy współczesne samolotów tłokowych i turbinowych wymagających pa[...]
EN Paper presents range of issues, related to the development of airplane engine fuels, starting from the Wright Brothers first flight in a year of1903, through the First World War and Second World War eras, and introducing us into contemporary time of piston and turbine airplanes, demanding high perfo[...]
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Problemy Techniki Uzbrojenia
EN This work presents the process of lifetime prediction of propellants according to new NATO standards. It shows the examples of lifetime prediction of selected nitrocellulose based propellants that are used in the ammunition of Armed Forces of Slovak republic.
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Journal of KONES
EN Almost all kinds of fuel applied in combustion engines come from refining industry, in which crude oil serves as basic raw material. However, there are also searched other sources of hydrocarbons which can be used directly or as additives to conventional fuels. The most popular in this regard are ve[...]
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Journal of KONES
2015 Vol. 22, No. 4 269--273
EN The development of motorisation involves using bigger amounts of fuels. These fuels are, until now, mainly petroleum. However, the fuels of bio origin must be used as well. It follows from the necessity of ensuring CO2 balance and from the fact that oil sources sooner or later will become exploited.[...]
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Autobusy : technika, eksploatacja, systemy transportowe
2011 R. 12, nr 5 378-380
PL W artykule omówiono stosowane metody produkcji bioetanolu. Przedstawiono również sposób produkcji bioetanolu z surowców drugiej generacji oraz jego znaczenie dla rozwoju rolnictwa, które mogłoby dostarczać surowce dla tej technologii. Zaprezentowano także rodzaje produkowanych paliw, których biokomp[...]
EN The article includes information concerning methods of bioethanol production that are still being utilized. It also introduces both the way of its production generated from the raw materials of the second generation and its significance of the agriculture development that could be delivering these r[...]
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Journal of KONES
2014 Vol. 21, No. 3 171--176
EN The structure of the article will include the characteristics, particularly, of the Polish fleet of trucks involved in the transport of cargo. The volume of transport and haulage work of the goods carrying road transport in 2011, dominant in the branch structure of transport, was presented. The numb[...]
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Przegląd Komunikacyjny
PL Początki przemysłowego wydobycia ropy naftowej. Rejony świata o najzasobniejszych złożach. Szacunkowa ocena istniejących zasobów. Wydobycie, zużycie, ceny ropy naftowej. Główni eksporterzy i importerzy. Ceny paliw na stacjach benzynowych w wybranych krajach świata w 2004 r. Hipotezy dotyczące przysz[...]
EN The beginnings of industrial petroleum output. The regions of the world with the most wealthy oil accumulation. The evaluating estimation of an oil in place being available. Petroleum output, consumption and its prices. The main exporters and importers. The fuel prices on petrol stations in selected[...]
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Journal of KONES
EN The question of identifying the type of oil in exploitation of engine room is associated with both the quality of ship consumables (fuels and lubricants) and the composition and origin of oil in settling tanks or in dumping water. Related issue is the possibility of determining the origin of oil, wh[...]
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Journal of KONES
EN This paper presents a novel way of utilizing alcohols as fuels for a diesel engine. It is proposed to use heavy alcohols as a mix with vegetable oils and conventional diesel fuel. It is presented the another way to use alcohols. Namely, the use of heavy alcohols as a solvent for vegetable oil (named[...]
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Journal of KONES
EN The development of human civilisation has always been related to an increase in energy demand. The growth of transportation and an increase in the number of automobile vehicles in service produce a rising demand for fuel. Before piston IC engine is replaced with a different effective power source, i[...]
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Paliwa, Oleje i Smary w Eksploatacji
EN The group of 37 samples of liquid fuels including jet fuels, diesel fuels and rapeseed biofuels, have been simultaneously examined for their lubricity being measured by three standard test methods: BOCLE, SL BOCLE and HFRR. The obtained results were statistically worked out from the point of their c[...]
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