The major goal of electric power companies is to give the quantity of electricity claimed by each consumer. This does not function without posing problems because consumption increases with time and the production will not be adequate to cope with the need for electricity. Besides, we may face environmental issues such as the increase of CO2 in the world, the conditions of producing energy, the difficulty of easily, quickly and economically storing large quantities of electricity. One of the solutions that could restrict and solve the problems is the production of renewable energy. In this paper, we focus on photovoltaic products; we present the photovoltaic conversion chain such as modeling, adaptation and control systems, as well as photovoltaic characteristics and system analysis methodology and planning of a photovoltaic system based on the OOPP method (Objectives Oriented Project Planning).