Sedimentary features of the Cambrian-age succession transected in seven borehole cores sited in the Podlasie region document vertical and lateral variations of shallow-marine sedimentary facies, deposited at the rifted western margin of the Baltica Palaeocontinent. The boreholes are distributed along two lines of cross-section (E–W and NE–SW) running roughly perpendicular to the margin of the palaeocontinent. The easternmost borehole represents a proximal setting located on a relatively stable, shallow basement in the east; the remaining boreholes document conditions of deposition in the subsiding shallow-marine basin, extending towards the SW. Fourteen sedimentary facies defined on the basis of their lithological and sedimentary features are interpreted in terms of the sedimentary environments they represent. Strata deposited upon the stable craton in the east document a stratigraphically condensed succession of proximal facies, 240 m thick, whereas a sequence three times thicker is positioned distally, 170 km to the west. Facies associations in the proximal section represent the lower to upper shoreface in the lower part of the section and evolve upwards to the intermediate shoreface. Facies complexes in the remaining, intermediate and distal areas form a symmetrical megasequence, composed of a positive (i.e., fining-upwards – FU) transgressive sequence, overlain by a negative (coarsening-upwards – CU) regressive sequence. The vertical arrangement of the sedimentary subenvironments during the transgression indicates a tidally influenced shoreline followed by oscillations between the swash zone, the upper, intermediate and lower shoreface, and the offshore. The symmetry of the megasequences and the rhythmic pattern of the component facies complexes indicate that the intensity of supply in the terrigenous material and the efficiency of its reworking and redistribution within the basin were similar during the transgression and the regression. The facies types and variations within the basal part of the succession reflect syndepositional movements of tectonic blocks parallel to the rifted basin margin. Differences in total thickness and facies associations between the two lines of cross-section approximately perpendicular to the basin margin indicate that sedimentation was also influenced by a synsedimentary hinge fault, extending in a WSW–ENE direction.