The aim of the article was to diagnose the professional burnout, work ethic, beliefs about the social world among employees of the Rybnik Coal District and analyse the relationships between these variables. The authors checked whether work ethic, beliefs concerning the bad world, system justification, focus on social dominance, compassion, faith in life, as a zero-sum game and identification with Poland constitute a predictor of professional burnout of employees of industrial and mining plants. It was stated that exhaustion is associated with deferred gratification, while withdrawal with the scale of morality and ethics. The overall rate of professional burnout is associated with hard work and deferred gratification as well as with the overall result in the field of work ethic. Deferred gratification and compassion turned out to be significant predictors of professional burnout. Deferred gratification is at the same time an important predictor of exhaustion.