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EN
This paper presents the possibilities of forming the microstructure as well as mechanical properties and electrical conductivity of Cu-3Ti alloy (wt.%) in thermal and thermomechanical processes that are a combination of homogenising treatment, hot and cold working, solution treatment and ageing. Phase composition of the alloy following various stages of processing it into the specified semi-finished product was being determined too. It was demonstrated that the application of cold plastic deformation between solution treatment and ageing could significantly enhance the effect of hardening of the Cu-3Ti alloy without deteriorating its electrical conductivity. It was found that for the investigated alloy the selection of appropriate conditions for homogenising treatment, hot and cold deformation as well as solution treatment and ageing enables to obtain the properties comparable to those of beryllium bronzes.
2
Content available Microstructure of Hot-Deformed Cu-3Ti Alloy
EN
In the paper, results of investigations regarding temperature and strain rate effects on hot-deformed Cu-3Ti alloy microstructure are presented. Evaluation of the alloy microstructure was performed with the use of a Gleeble HDS-V40 thermal-mechanical simulator on samples subjected to uniaxial hot compression within 700 to 900ºC and at the strain rate of 0.1, 1.0 or 10.0 s-1 until 70% (1.2) strain. It was found that within the analyzed temperature and strain rate ranges, the alloy deformation led to partial or complete recrystallization of its structure and to multiple refinement of the initial grains. The recrystallization level and the average diameter of recrystallized grains increase with growing temperature and strain rate. It was shown that entirely recrystallized, fine-grained alloy structure could be obtained following deformation at the strain rate of min 10.0 s-1 and the temperature of 800°C or higher.
EN
In the paper, results of a study on the effects of deformation conditions (temperature, strain and strain rate) on flow curves, maximum flow stress and corresponding deformation of Cu-Ti alloys with various Ti contents, subjected to hot deformation, are presented. Evaluation of formability of alloys was performed with the use of a Gleeble HDS-V40 thermal-mechanical simulator during uniaxial hot compression at 700 to 900°C, strain rate of 0.1 to 10.0 s-1 and strain of 0 to 1.2 (70%). It was found that within the analysed ranges of temperature, strain rate and strain, Cu-Ti alloys underwent uniform deformation without cracking. The largest deformation resistances were observed for the alloys with the highest Ti contents; their decrease was possible with the temperature raise and the strain rate reduction.
PL
W pracy przedstawiono wyniki badan wpływu warunków odkształcenia (temperatura, wielkosc i predkosc odkształcenia) na przebieg krzywych płyniecia, wartosc maksymalnego naprezenia uplastyczniajacego i odpowiadajacego mu odkształcenia odkształcanych plastycznie na goraco stopów Cu-Ti o zróznicowanej zawartosci Ti. Ocene podatnosci do kształtowania plastycznego stopów przeprowadzono na symulatorze cieplno-mechanicznym systemu Gleeble HDS-V40 w warunkach jednoosiowego sciskania na goraco w zakresie temperatury od 700 do 900°C, predkosci odkształcenia od 0.1 do 10.0 s-1 i odkształcenia od 0 do 1.2 (70%). Stwierdzono, ze w analizowanych przedziałach temperatury, predkosci i wielkosci odkształcenia stopy Cu-Ti odkształcaja sie w sposób jednorodny bez udziału pekania. Wykazano, ze najwieksze opory kształtowania plastycznego towarzysza stopom o najwyzszej zawartosci Ti, a ich zmniejszenie jest mozliwe poprzez podwyzszenie temperatury i obnizenie predkosci odkształcenia.
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