Artykuł dokonuje krótkiego rysu historycznego tworzenia się służb górniczych od najstarszych, historycznych wzmianek do czasów współczesnych na kanwie 70-letniej historii nadzoru górniczego na Dolnym Śląsku. Święto OUG we Wrocławiu stało się też przyczynkiem do przedstawienia ludzi związanych z nadzorem górniczym.
The article presents the history of the formation of mining supervision in Lower Silesia, an institution which has been inseparably connected with the development of mining in the region, from its establishment to the modern times. The Regional Mining Authority (OUG) in Wrocław was founded in 1946, and was initially seated in Żary. After moving to Wrocław in 1953, the Authority took charge of the Szczecin region, and, partially, of the Gdańsk, Poznań and Wrocław regions. Subsequent administrative reforms brought upon changes to the structure and local competence of mining supervision. Starting with 1955, Lower Silesia was supervised by OUG Wrocław and OUG Wałbrzych. The establishment and construction of coper ore mines was a critical moment for the Regional Mining Authority (OUG) in Wrocław. This was a great challenge, since the deposits discovered were inaccessible and required the application of a complex shaft dredging technology. The tasks and shape of mining supervision was significantly changed by subsequent administrative reforms (1975, 1999), the inclusion of OUG Wałbrzych in the structures of OUG Wrocław (2002), Poland’s accession to the European Union (2004) and the inclusion of common mines under administrative control of the mining supervision authority (2012). Today, the Regional Mining Authority in Wrocław is a team of experts, each specializing in a different field. Their main task is to improve the work safety in mining facilities throughout Lower Silesia. The 70th anniversary, embodied by the fabulous Gwaruś gnome and commemorated by a celebratory medal, is an expression of gratitude to all those whose work has contributed to the development of the regional mining authority throughout the years.