Heme binding by proteins and protein-protein complexation are the processes strongly related to the biological activity of proteins. The mechanism of these processes has not been still recognised. These phenomena are presented using haemoglobin as the example. Half of the mature haemoglobin (one α-chain and one β-chain) treated as a dissociation step in haemoglobin degradation reveals a specific change in heme binding after dissociation. This phenomenon is the object of analysis that interprets the structure of both complexes (tetramer and dimer) with respect to their hydrophobic core structure. The results suggest the higher stability of the complex in the form of one α-chain and one β-chain with respect to the hydrophobic core.