The manuscript presents the methods of increasing the aerodynamic force of the airfoil, currently used in aviation, and the directions of further research development. Currently, several methods are known and used to increase the aerodynamic force of the airfoil. The most widespread ones include wing mechanization systems, among others, flaps and slats. The non-mechanical elements of the wing construction that enable to increase the carrying force are used as well, among others; wing cuffs, vortilons, vortex generator. Research is being carried out on the introduction of mechanical elements that increase the lift force (Continuous Trailing Edge Flap, Morphing Wing), as well as non-mechanical elements such as plasma actuators. The manuscript describes the selected non-mechanical and mechanical elements currently used to increase the lift and the directions for the development of further research on increasing the aerodynamic force.