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Age-hardening provides one of the most widely used mechanisms for the strengthening of aluminum alloys. The age-hardening involves three steps: solution treatment, quenching and aging. The temperature of solution treatment and aging is very important in order to reach desired properties of castings. The optimum temperature of solution treatment and aging led to formation microstructural features in form which does not lead to decreasing properties, but increasing ones. The major micro-structural features in A 226 cast alloys which are responsible for increasing properties are: eutectic Si particles, Cu-rich phases, Fe-rich phases and porosity. The increase of properties depends on morphology, size and volume of microstructural features. In order to assess age-hardening influence on microstructural features in A226 cast alloys were used as possibilities of evaluation by means of image analysis. Quantitative analysis decelerate changes in microstructure includes the spheroidization and coarsening of eutectic silicon, gradual disintegration, shortening and thinning of Fe-rich intermetallic phases, the dissolution of precipitates and the precipitation of finer hardening phase (Al2Cu) further increase in the hardness and tensile strength in the alloy. Changes of mechanical properties were measured in line with STN EN ISO.
Heat treatment of aluminum casts is necessary for achieving the desired properties of casts. Heat treatment caused changes in microstructure and substructure of materials and therefore it is necessary to control which changes are sufficient and which are insufficient. Morphology (shape, size and distribution) of microstructural features influence the properties of cast rapidly. Contribution describes influence of the heat treatment marking T4 - solution treatment in dependence on temperature (505, 515 a 525 °C) and holding time (2, 4, 8, 16 a 32 hour) on structure (α–phase, eutectic silicon, intermetallic phases) and mechanical properties (ultimate tensile strength - UTS and Brinell hardness - HBW) of A226 cast alloy. This cast alloy is made out of secondary aluminum. Secondary aluminum alloys are made of aluminum scrap. About 70 % of such material are used in the manufacture of casts. Therefore the strictly microstructure control of experimental material before and after heat treatment is necessary for declaration of cast properties. Nowadays manufacturers use the methods of quantitative analysis for quick control of microstructural features. This work present some of them.
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