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Content available remote On the Development of an Anchor Watch Supporting System for Small Merchant Ships
This paper describes the results of a study that aimed at developing an effective anchor watch supporting system to prevent dragging anchor accidents of small domestic merchant ships. The authors performed an experimental study using a training ship in order to investigate the characteristics of the hull movement of a ship lying at single anchor, the cable tension caused by the above movement and etc. Based on the results of the study, the authors propose a standard procedure for safe anchor watch and a new anchor watch supporting system using a PC, a DGPS and an anemometer.
Single particle fluorescence spectroscopy coupled with AFM observation is reported for perylene nanocrystals. Fluorescence spectral measurement for individual nanocrystals with the size from 100 nm to 500 nm and fluorescence anisotropy analysis demonstrate that the size dependence in fluorescence is in the intrinsic nature of nanometer-sized crystal of perylene. Single nanoparticle fluorescence shows the enhanced monomer (M-) emission compared to the bulk crystal and a blue-shift of excimer (E-) emission peak wave length by decreasing the nanoparticle size. It is found for the first time that the size dependence is correlated well to the surface-to-volume ratio of nanocrystal. The size-dependent fluorescence is not attributed to a quantum confinement effect of exciton, but to a change in the elastic properties of nanocrystal with size, which in turn affects excimer formation. We discuss the decrease in elastic constant of crystal-line lattice due to large surface-to-volume ratio, and propose an empirical formula on the size-dependence of E-emission peak in the framework of the strong coupling model of exciton-phonon interaction.
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