The current labor market requires dynamic and broadly competent university graduates. An international trend is to promote the teaching of transversal competences. These are not only related to a particular study program or future profession, but are universally applicable in different professions, thus promoting job mobility and flexibility of persons. This is a system of competence-based learning. Universities are currently undergoing paradigmatic changes in the university education system. The paper monitors international and home experiences and recommendations for the development of the competences that prepare graduates for life in society. It specially examines the position of the students´ social and ethical competences. These findings are compared with the results of own research focused on the development of students' ethical competences through the Professional Ethics course at EF UMB.