Ograniczanie wyników
Czasopisma help
Autorzy help
Lata help
Preferencje help
Widoczny [Schowaj] Abstrakt
Liczba wyników

Znaleziono wyników: 68

Liczba wyników na stronie
first rewind previous Strona / 4 next fast forward last
Wyniki wyszukiwania
Wyszukiwano:
w słowach kluczowych:  heat and mass transfer
help Sortuj według:

help Ogranicz wyniki do:
first rewind previous Strona / 4 next fast forward last
EN
In this paper, an unsteady 2-D incompressible fluid flow with heat and mass transfer in a four-sided lid driven square cavity is investigated numerically. The top, bottom, left, and right walls of the square cavity move to the right, left, downward and upward respectively. All four sides of the cavity move with a uniform velocity. The flow variables are simulated below the critical Reynolds numbers with isothermal and mass-transfer conditions in the square cavity. We have used a streamfunction-vorticity (ψ - ξ) formulation to investigate the fluid flow in terms of flow variables ψ, ξ, T and C at low Reynolds numbers (Re). The Prandtl number (Pr) and Schmidt number (Sc) have been chosen as 6:62 and 10, 50, 100, 150 respectively, in order to calculate the numerical solutions of T and C. The matrix method has been used to evaluate the stability and convergence of the numerical scheme. The conditions obtained from the matrix method have been used to arrive at the numerical solutions with desired accuracy.
EN
This work investigates the effects of radiation and Eckert number on an MHD flow with heat transfer rate near a stagnation-point region over a nonlinear vertical stretching sheet. Using a similarity transformation, the governing equations are transformed into a system of ordinary differential equations which are solved numerically using the sixth order Runge-Kutta method with shooting technique. Tabular and graphical results are provided to examine the physical nature of the problem. Heat transfer rate at the surface decreases with radiation, Eckert number and as radiation increases, the flow temperature also increases for velocity ratio parameters […].
EN
This work investigates a three-dimensional Magnetohydrodynamic (MHD) nanofluid flow with heat and mass transfer over a porous stretching sheet. Firstly, partial differential equations are transformed into coupled non-linear ordinary differential equations through a similarity variables transformation and solved by Galerkin Finite Element Methods (FEM). The effects of thermal radiation, viscous dissipation and chemical reaction on the fluid flow are considered. The behaviour and properties of pertinent flow parameters on the velocity, temperature and concentration profiles are presented and discussed graphically. The effects of the friction coefficient parameter, Nusselt and Sherhood numbers are also shown and considered using tables. The work is in good agreement in comparison with the recent work in literature.
EN
The characteristic of nano sized particles mass flux conditions are engaged in this investigation. Here we assume that the nano sized particle flux is zero and the nano sized particle fraction arranged itself on the boundary layer. With this convincing and revised relation, the features of Buongiorno relation on three-dimensional flow of Carreau fluid can be applied in a more efficient way. The governing partial differential equations of continuity, momentum, energy and concentration equations which are transmitted into set of pair of nonlinear ordinary differential equations utilizing similar transformations. The numeric solutions are acquired by engaging the bvp4c scheme, which is a finite-difference code for solving boundary value problems. A parametric study is accomplished to demonstrate the impact of Prandtl number, Weissenberg numbers, radiation parameter, chemical reaction parameter, thermophoresis parameter, Brownian motion parameter and Lewis number on the fluid velocity, temperature and concentration profiles as well skin friction coefficient, Nusselt number and Sherwood number within the boundary layer. From this we find the way in which magnetic parameter contributes to the increase in local skin fraction, and the decrease in the Nusselt and Sherwood numbers in these cases. The effects of the velocity temperature and concentration profile are obtained and presented graphically.
EN
The drying and humidifying processes of capillary-porous (colloid) bodies occur during the production of various materials for the consumer goods industry, building materials, storage of museum pieces, etc. It is known that the main linkage forms of the moisture and colloid capillary-porous bodies (CCPBs), namely adsorption, capillary condensation and capillary linkage of the free moisture in the cavities of the above bodies, depend on the temperature and relative humidity of drying/humidifying agent. It means that the CCPBs behave in a peculiar way depending on the temperature and humidity fields. The problems of CCPBs drying (or humidifying) process include the issue of the heat and humidity transfer both in the middle of the body and in the boundary layer on the interface of phases “body (object of drying/humidifying process) – environment”. The drying/humidifying intensity is at its maximum when the possibilities of the heat and mass transfer in the boundary layer correspond to the possibilities of moisture and heat moving inside the object of drying/humidifying process. The properties of the CCPB as material possessing specific elastic-viscous properties are described within the framework of O.Y. Ishlinskiy - O.R. Rzhanitsin generalized elastic-viscous body theory. A comparative analysis of the above mentioned CCPB’s properties from the point of view of Zener thermodiffusion theory is conducted. The mechanism of moisture transferring from the CCPBs’ central layers (as object of drying/humidifying process) up to their surfaces is developed. The theoretical researches examined the drying/humidifying phenomena for both the entire volume of the CCPB and three structural directions. It is noted that drying/humidifying of CCPBs is a complicated heat and mass transfer process accompanied by mechanisms of molecular nature determining the kinetics of their running. It is shown that the appropriate equations’ solution of molecular-molar heat and moisture transfer under the appropriate boundary (limit) conditions allows to describe the fields, i.e. the distribution of transfer potentials (the temperature and moisture content in the CCPB as object of drying/humidifying) at any time of the appropriate process. The drying/humidifying curves (“drying/humidifying rate versus CCPB humidity”) and the temperature curves (“CCPB temperatures versus CCPB humidity”) reflect the nature of the drying/humidifying processes. In the framework of the proposed generalized rheological model of CCPB, the residual deformations of bodies for various load types (the time-varying stress applied to the CCPB) is estimated.
EN
The article presents the results of research of thermophysical peculiarities obtaining volumetric amorphous structures in metals and alloys. This technology differs mainly the realization internal heat removal by means of local heat sink (inoculator). A mathematical model of melting inoculator in melts for optimizing the process of obtaining massive amorphous structures, which allows to reduce time of experimental research and material resources to create massive amorphous structures. Mathematical modeling of processes heat and mass transfer inoculator in melts allows you to identify peculiarities of the technological process, and establish influence inoculator on the degree of amorphization melt. The results provide an effective assessment of the intensity of heat transfer during the casting process, which makes it possible to estimate and predict the ability of alloys to the amorphization of the structure.
EN
An analytical solution of an MHD free convective thermal diffusive flow of a viscous, incompressible, electrically conducting and heat-absorbing fluid past a infinite vertical permeable porous plate in the presence of radiation and chemical reaction is presented. The flow is considered under the influence of a magnetic field applied normal to the flow. The plate is assumed to move with a constant velocity in the direction of fluid flow in slip flow regime, while free stream velocity is assumed to follow the exponentially increasing small perturbation law. The velocity, temperature, concentration, skin friction, Nusselt number and Sherwood number distributions are derived and have shown through graphs and tables by using the simple perturbation technique.
EN
This paper investigates a chemically reactive Magnetohydrodynamics fluid flow with heat and mass transfer over a permeable surface taking into consideration the buoyancy force, injection/suction, heat source/sink and thermal radiation. The governing momentum, energy and concentration balance equations are transformed into a set of ordinary differential equations by method of similarity transformation and solved numerically by Runge- Kutta method based on Shooting technique. The influence of various pertinent parameters on the velocity, temperature, concentration fields are discussed graphically. Comparison of this work with previously published works on special cases of the problem was carried out and the results are in excellent agreement. Results also show that the thermo physical parameters in the momentum boundary layer equations increase the skin friction coefficient but decrease the momentum boundary layer. Fluid suction/injection and Prandtl number increase the rate of heat transfer. The order of chemical reaction is quite significant and there is a faster rate of mass transfer when the reaction rate and Schmidt number are increased.
9
EN
The article presents the results of research of thermophysical peculiarities obtaining volumetric amorphous structures in metals and alloys. This technology differs mainly the realization internal heat removal by means of local heat sink (inoculator). A mathematical model of melting inoculator in melts for optimizing the process of obtaining massive amorphous structures, which allows to reduce time of experimental research and material resources to create massive amorphous structures. Mathematical modeling of processes heat and mass transfer inoculator in melts allows you to identify peculiarities of the technological process, and establish influence inoculator on the degree of amorphization melt. The results provide an effective assessment of the intensity of heat transfer during the casting process, which makes it possible to estimate and predict the ability of alloys to the amorphization of the structure.
EN
This paper proposes a method to numerically study viscous incompressible two-dimensional steady flow in a driven square cavity with heat and concentration sources placed on its side wall. The method proposed here is based on streamfunction-vorticity (Ψ-ξ) formulation. We have modified this formulation in such a way that it suits to solve the continuity, x and y-momentum, energy and mass transfer equations which are the governing equations of the problem under investigation in this study. No-slip and slip wall boundary conditions for velocity, temperature and concentration are defined on walls of a driven square cavity. In order to numerically compute the streamfunction Ψ, vorticityfunction ξ , temperature θ, concentration C and pressure P at different low, moderate and high Reynolds numbers, a general algorithm was proposed. The sequence of steps involved in this general algorithm are executed in a computer code, developed and run in a C compiler. We propose that, with the help of this code, one can easily compute the numerical solutions of the flow variables such as velocity, pressure, temperature, concentration, streamfunction, vorticityfunction and thereby depict and analyze streamlines, vortex lines, isotherms and isobars, in the driven square cavity for low, moderate and high Reynolds numbers. We have chosen suitable Prandtl and Schmidt numbers that enables us to define the average Nusselt and Sherwood numbers to study the heat ad mass transfer rates from the left wall of the cavity. The stability criterion of the numerical method used for solving the Poisson, vorticity transportation, energy and mass transfer has been given. Based on this criterion, we ought to choose appropriate time and space steps in numerical computations and thereby, we may obtain the desired accurate numerical solutions. The nature of the steady state solutions of the flow variables along the horizontal and vertical lines through the geometric center of the square cavity has been discussed and analyzed. To check the validity of the computer code used and corresponding numerical solutions of the flow variables obtained from this study, we have to compare these with established steady state solutions existing in the literature and they have to be found in good agreement.
EN
This work is focused on the development and validation of experimental method for testing EC-aerosols under simulated conditions of human respiratory tract with variable aerosol residence time in the physiologically humid environment associated with the inhalation pattern. Initial results obtained using the laser diffractometry indicate the usefulness and applicability of developed method for EC-aerosol testing for a deeper understanding of simultaneous heat and mass transfer processes during EC-aerosol formation, inhalation and movement in the human respiratory tract.
PL
Praca koncentruje się na opracowaniu i walidacji metodyki badań doświadczalnych aerozoli uwalnianych z e-papierosów do środowiska odzwierciedlającego pod względem panującej wilgotności, temperatury oraz czasu przebywania aerozolu drogi oddechowe człowieka. Wstępne wyniki uzyskane przy użyciu dyfraktometru laserowego wskazują na przydatność zaproponowanej metody badania aerozoli do głębszego zrozumienia roli procesów wymiany ciepła oraz masy w trybie ich powstawania, inhalacji oraz transportu w drogach oddechowych.
EN
An analysis is presented to describe the hydromagnetic mixed convection flow of an electrically conducting micropolar fluid past a vertical plate through a porous medium with radiation and slip flow regime. A uniform magnetic field has been considered in the study which absorbs the micropolar fluid with a varying suction velocity and acts perpendicular to the porous surface of the above plate. The governing non-linear partial differential equations have been transformed into linear partial differential equations, which are solved numerically by applying the explicit finite difference method. The numerical results are presented graphically in the form of velocity, micro-rotation, concentration and temperature profiles, the skin-friction coefficient, the couple stress coefficient, the rate of heat and mass transfers at the wall for different material parameters.
EN
An attempt is made to study the effects of chemical reaction and combined buoyancy effects on an unsteady MHD mixed convective flow along an infinite vertical porous plate in the presence of hall current. A uniform magnetic field is applied in a direction normal to the porous plate. The governing coupled non-linear partial differential equations are solved using an efficient Galerkin finite element method. With the help of graphs, the effects of the various important parameters entering into the problem on the velocity, temperature, and concentration fields within the boundary layer are discussed. Also the effects of the pertinent parameters on the skin-friction coefficient and rates of heat and mass transfer in terms of the Nusselt number and Sherwood number are presented numerically in a tabular form. The results obtained show that the velocity, temperature, and concentration fields are appreciably influenced by the presence of chemical reaction, hall current, heat, and mass transfer. It is observed that the effect of Schmidt number and chemical reaction parameter is to decrease the velocity and concentration profiles in the boundary layer while the velocity profiles are increasing with increasing of hall parameter, Grashof numbers for heat and mass transfer. There is also considerable effect of hall current and chemical reaction on skin-friction coefficient and Nusselt number. In the present analysis various comparisons with previously published work are performed and the results are found to be in a good agreement.
PL
W artykule przedstawiono zaawansowany model matematyczny i numeryczny transportu ciepła i masy w wielowarstwowych ubraniach ochronnych, które były poddane działaniu wysokiej temperatury otoczenia lub dużych radiacyjnych strumieni ciepła emitowanych przez gorące ciała. Zaproponowany model uwzględniał przewodzenie ciepła i promieniowanie cieplne w warstwach tkaniny o spektralnych właściwościach optycznych i w szczelinach powietrznych oraz transport energii związany z dyfuzją wilgoci przez ubranie ochronne oraz z procesami sorpcji i desorpcji wody w włóknach tkaniny. Dodatkowo do modelu włączono złożone warunki bilansu energii i masy oraz warunki optyczne na granicach warstw tkaniny. Do rozwiązania równań modelowych opracowano autorski iteracyjny algorytm numeryczny, który bazował na metodzie objętości kontrolnych. Następnie przeprowadzono analizę walidacyjną zaproponowanego modelu obliczeniowego poprzez porównanie otrzymanych wyników z wynikami pomiarów eksperymentalnych dla wybranego pakietu ubrania ochronnego ogrzewanego przez krótki czas radiacyjnym strumieniem ciepła emitowanym przez promiennik podczerwieni, a następnie chłodzonego w otoczeniu. Otrzymano dobrą zgodność czasowych przebiegów temperatury, co potwierdziło wiarygodność zaproponowanego modelu.
EN
An advanced mathematical and numerical model of heat and mass transfer in the multi-layer protective clothing, which was exposed to either high temperature environment or to high incident radiative heat flux emitted by hot objects was presented in this paper. The developed model accounted for heat conduction and thermal radiation in a non -grey layers of the protective garment. Additionally, heat transport associated with water vapour diffusion through the protective clothing and with sorption and desorption of liquid water in the fabric fibres were included. Complex energy and mass balances as well as optical conditions at the external and internal interfaces between clothing layers were formulated and incorporated into the model. A novel iterative numerical algorithm which was based on the Finite Volume Method was developed to solve the system of governing equations. Finally, the validation analysis of the model was carried out for selected multi-layer clothing which was exposed for a short time to radiative heat flux emitted by an infrared emitter and then cooled down in the surroundings. The simulated and experimentally measured time variations of temperatures were in good agreement, therefore the accuracy of the proposed model was validated.
15
Content available remote On problems of heat and mass transfer in concrete structures
EN
A stochastic finite difference approach based on stochastic finite elements is proposed for heat and mass transfer modeling. Porous structure with random material properties is investigated. The theoretical formulation of the problem is described. A system of partial differential equations is obtained and solved for first two probabilistic moments of the random temperature field. Example of stochastic thermal analysis in concrete structure with random material parameters are given.
PL
W artykule zastosowano metodę stochastycznych różnic skończonych do analizy problemów przepływu ciepła i ruchu wilgoci. Przedstawiono sformułowanie teoretyczne problemu. Badano porowatą strukturę z losowymi parametrami materiałowymi. Do rozwiązania zagadnienia zastosowano metodę perturbacyjną.
EN
An MHD fluid flow is examined over a vertical plate in the presence of Dufour and Soret effects. The resulting momentum, energy and concentration equations are then made similar by introducing the usual similarity transformations. These similar equations are then solved numerically using the Runge-Kutta fourth order method with shooting technique. The effects of various parameters on the dimensionless velocity, temperature and concentration profiles as well as the local values of the skin-friction coefficient, the Nusselt number and Sherwood number are displayed graphically and in a tabular form. A comparison with previously published work is obtained and an excellent agreement is found.
EN
This paper presents an analysis of the effects of magnetohydrodynamic force and buoyancy on convective heat and mass transfer flow past a moving vertical porous plate in the presence of thermal radiation and chemical reaction. The governing partial differential equations are reduced to a system of self-similar equations using the similarity transformations. The resultant equations are then solved numerically using the fourth order Runge-Kutta method along with the shooting technique. The results are obtained for the velocity, temperature, concentration, skin-friction, Nusselt number and Sherwood number. The effects of various parameters on flow variables are illustrated graphically, and the physical aspects of the problem are discussed.
EN
The present analysis is focused on the study of the magnetic effect on coupled heat and mass transfer by mixed convection boundary layer flow over a slender cylinder in the presence of a chemical reaction. The buoyancy effect due to thermal diffusion and species diffusion is investigated. Employing suitable similarity transformations, the governing equations are transformed into a system of coupled non-linear ordinary differential equations and are solved numerically via the implicit, iterative, second order finite difference method. The numerical results obtained are compared with the available results in the literature for some special cases and the results are found to be in excellent agreement. The velocity, temperature, and the concentration profiles are presented graphically and analyzed for several sets of the pertinent parameters. The pooled effect of the thermal and mass Grashof number is to enhance the velocity and is quite the opposite for temperature and the concentration fields.
PL
W pracy zaprezentowano wyniki badań dotyczące obróbki powietrza opuszczającego maszyny wulkanizacyjne. Głównym celem było oczyszczenie powietrza, a następnie odzysk ciepła, dlatego starano się nie obniżać temperatury powietrza poprzez odparowanie wody. Do badań użyto głowic mikrostrumieniowych podających wodę prostopadle do strumienia zanieczyszczonego powietrza. W wyniku prac zaproponowano stanowiska z modułami mikrostrumieniowymi dla maszyn wulkanizacyjnych.
EN
The paper presents results of research concerning the treatment of air leaving the vulcanizing machine. The main aim was to cleanse the air and heat recovery, so they tried not to lower the air temperature by evaporating water. The study used mikrohead-feed water head perpendicular to the flow of contaminated air. As a result of proposed positions of microjets modules for vulcanizing machines.
PL
W pracy przedstawiono wyniki badań wymiany ciepła i masy w zraszanym wymienniku płytowym podczas procesu quasi-adiabatycznego nawilżania powietrza. Omówiono stanowisko badawcze oraz metodykę wykonanych pomiarow. Do analizy procesów wymiany ciepła i masy w badanym urządzeniu wykorzystano numeryczną mechanikę płynów. Symulacjom numerycznym został poddany współprądowy przepływ rozpylanej wody obiegowej i powietrza oraz przeciwprądowy schemat przepływu. Dodatkowo określono widmo rozpylanych kropel wody.
EN
The paper discusses simultaneous processes of heat and mass transfer during quasi-adiabatic humidification in plate-type heat exchanger with circulating water sprinkled plate. The measurement station and methodology of measurements have been presented. Computational fluid dynamics has been used to study the heat and mass transfer. Parallel and counter flow of air and water in heat exchanger have been investigated with CFD. The water droplet diameter distribution has been given.
first rewind previous Strona / 4 next fast forward last
JavaScript jest wyłączony w Twojej przeglądarce internetowej. Włącz go, a następnie odśwież stronę, aby móc w pełni z niej korzystać.