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EN
The aim of the present paper is to analyse the effect of MHD on unsteady natural convection boundary layer flow and heat transfer over a truncated cone in the presence of pressure work. Suitable transformation is utilized to form a system of coupled non-linear partial differential equations for governing both the flow and heat transfer. These equations have been solved numerically by utilizing an implicit finite difference scheme along with quasilinearization method. Here, the computed numerical results are displayed graphically in terms of the local Nusselt number, skin friction, temperature distribution, and velocity distribution for various values of the magnetic and pressure work parameters along with the fixed Prandtl number
2
Content available remote Vertical heat transport at infinite Prandtl number for micropolar fluid
EN
We investigate the upper bound on the vertical heat transport in the fully 3D Rayleigh–Bénard convection problem at the infinite Prandtl number for a micropolar fluid. We obtain a bound, given by the cube root of the Rayleigh number, with a logarithmic correction. The derived bound is compared with the optimal known one for the Newtonian fluid. It follows that the (optimal) upper bound for the micropolar fluid is less than the corresponding bound for the Newtonian fluid at the same Rayleigh number. Moreover, strong microrotational diffusion effects can entirely suppress the heat transfer. In the Newtonian limit our purely analytical findings fully agree with estimates and scaling laws obtained from previous theories significantly relying on phenomenology.
EN
A numerical model is developed to study the Soret and Dufour effects on MHD boundary layer flow of a power-law fluid over a flat plate with velocity, thermal and solutal slip boundary conditions. The governing equations for momentum, energy and mass are transformed to a set of non-linear coupled ordinary differential equations by using similarity transformations. These non-linear ordinary differential equations are first linearized using a quasi-linearization technique and then solved numerically based on the implicit finite difference scheme over the entire range of physical parameters with appropriate boundary conditions. The influence of various governing parameters along with velocity, thermal and mass slip parameters on velocity, temperature and concentration fields are examined graphically. Also, the effects of slip parameters, the Soret and Dufour number on the skin friction, Nusselt number and Sherwood number are studied. Results show that the increase in the Soret number leads to a decrease in the temperature distribution and to an increase in concentration fields.
EN
In this paper we present numerical solutions to coupled non-linear governing equations of thermo-viscous fluid flow in cylindrical geometry using MATHEMATICA software solver. The numerical results are presented in terms of velocity, temperature and pressure distribution for various values of the material parameters such as the thermo-mechanical stress coefficient, thermal conductivity coefficient, Reiner Rivlin cross viscosity coefficient and the Prandtl number in the form of tables and graphs. Also, the solutions to governing equations for slow steady motion of a fluid have been obtained numerically and compared with the existing analytical results and are found to be in excellent agreement. The results of the present study will hopefully enable a better understanding applications of the flow under consideration.
EN
Hall current and rotation on an MHD flow past an accelerated horizontal plate relative to a rotating fluid, In the presence of heat transfer has been analyzed. The effects of the Hall parameter, Hartmann number, rotation parameter (non-dimensional angular velocity), Grashof’s number and Prandtl number on axial and transverse velocity profiles are presented graphically. It is found that with the increase in the Hartmann number, the axial and transverse velocity components increase in a direction opposite to that of obtained by increasing the Hall parameter and rotation parameter. Also, when […], it is observed that the transverse velocity component vanishes and axial velocity attains a maximum value.
EN
The laminar mixed convection in a two-dimensional rectangular inclined cavity with moving top lid is investigated using the double population thermal lattice Boltzmann method (LBM) at different values of the Richardson number, inclination angle and the Prandtl number. In this problem, velocity components are changed by both buoyancy forces and the inclination angle of the cavity. Comparison of the present results with other available data show good agreement. As the results, the velocity and temperature profiles, the Nusselt number, streamlines and isotherms are presented and discussed. It is shown that the increase of Prandtl number enhances the heat transfer rate, especially at higher values of inclination angle and Richardson number. Moreover, the average Nusselt number at the upper limit of the considered range of the Richardson and Prandtl numbers variability increases by a factor of 9.
PL
W pracy zajęto się problemem mieszanej konwekcji laminarnej w dwuwymiarowej, prostokątnej i ukośnie usytuowanej szczelinie domkniętej od góry ruchomą pokrywą. W badaniach zastosowano metodę siatki termicznej Boltzmanna (LBM) podwójnej populacji, uwzględniając rożne wartości liczby Richardsona, kąta pochylenia szczeliny oraz liczby Prandtla. W rozważanym zagadnieniu, składowe prędkości zostały poddane zmianom indukowanym siłami wyporu oraz kątem pochylenia szczeliny. Porównanie otrzymanych wynikow analizy z dostępnymi w literaturze danymi wykazało dobrą zgodność. Rezultatem badań w pracy są także profile rozkładu prędkości i temperatury, liczba Nusselta, linie prądu oraz izotermy, które szczegółowo przedyskutowano. Pokazano, że wzrost liczby Prandtla zwiększa transfer ciepła, zwłaszcza dla wyższych wartości kąta pochylenia szczelin i liczby Richardsona. Co więcej, średnia liczba Nusselta przy górnych wartościach przyjętego zakresu zmienności liczb Richardsona i Prandtla wzrasta 9-krotnie.
EN
The problem of a steady two-dimensional flow of a conducting power-law fluid past a flat plate in the presence of a transverse magnetic field under the influence of a pressure gradient by considering viscous dissipation effects is studied. The resulting governing partial differential equations are transformed into a set of non linear ordinary differential equations using appropriate transformation. The set of non linear ordinary differential equations is first linearized by using the Quasi-linearization technique and then solved numerically by using an implicit finite difference scheme. The system of algebraic equations is solved by using the Gauss-Seidal iterative method. The energy equation for a special case for which a similarity solution exist is also considered. The effects of the power-law index, magnetic parameter, viscous dissipation and generalized Prandtl number on the velocity and temperature profiles are of special interest. Numerical results are tabulated for the skin friction co-efficient. Velocity and temperature profiles are drawn for different controlling parameters which reveal the tendency of the solution.
EN
An analysis has been carried out to study the steady viscoelastic hydromagnetic flow and heat transfer in a visco-elastic liquid flow over an exponentially stretching sheet with consideration of viscous dissipation. A zeroth order analytical local similar solution of the highly non-linear stream function equation and confluent hypergeometric solution of the heat transfer equation is obtained by converting the governing partial differential equation to ordinary differential equation by similarity transformations. The accuracy of the analytical solution for the stream function is verified by a numerical solution obtained by employing the Runge-Kutta fourth order method with shooting. The two following cases of surface conditions are studied, namely (1) prescribed exponential order surface temperature (PEST Case) and (2) prescribed exponential order boundary heat flux (PEHF Case). The effect of various parameters arising in the flow on momentum and heat transfer characteristics are presented graphically and the numerical results of wall temperature gradient (in PEST Case ) and wall temperature (PEHF Case ) are tabulated and compared with previous results.
EN
This paper presents a mathematical analysis of an MHD flow and heat transfer to a laminar liquid film from a horizontal stretching surface. The flow of a thin fluid film and subsequent heat transfer from the stretching surface is investigated with the aid of similarity transformation. The transformation renders it possible to reduce the unsteady boundary layer equations to a system of non-linear ordinary differential equations. A numerical solution of the resulting nonlinear differential equations which agrees well with the analytic solution, is obtained by the efficient shooting technique. The effects of boundary layer thickness on various physical parameters such as the unsteadiness parameter S and magnetic parameter Mn, Prandtl number Pr, Eckert number Ec, thermal radiation parameter Nr and non-uniform heat source/sink parameters which determine the temperature profiles, the heat transfer coefficient are tabulated and plotted in figures. It is shown that the heat fluxes from the liquid to the elastic sheet decreases with S for […] and increases with S for […]. Some important findings reported in this work reveal that the combined effect of thermal radiation and non-uniform heat source have significant impact on controlling the rate of heat transfer in the boundary layer region.
10
Content available remote Transient free-convective flow in a vertical channel due to symmetric heating
EN
This paper presents a closed form solution for a transient free convective flow of a viscous and incompressible fluid in a vertical channel due to symmetric heating of channel walls. The Laplace transform technique has been used to obtain the expression for the velocity and temperature fields by solving the governing differential equations. The influence of the physical parameters on the velocity field, skin-friction, rate of heat transfer and volumetric flux of the fluid are carefully analysed. A correlation between the steady state time and the Prandtl number has been developed. It is observed that the nature of correlation is linear when the Prandtl number is greater than one while cubic for the Prandtl number is less than one.
11
Content available remote Heat transfer over an exponentially stretching continuous surface with suction
EN
Similary solutions of the laminar boundary layer equations describing heat and flow in a quiescent fluid driven by an exponentially stretching surface subject to suction are examined numerically. The direction and amount of heat flow were found to be dependent on the magnitude of ... (parameter of temperature) for the same Prandtl number. Nusselt number increases with increasing ... and the Prandtl number. The effect of decreasing suction parameter is found to be significant particularly for the Prandtl number.
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