This paper presents the results of preliminary assessment of radiative heat flux received by selected windows from tar paper coated flat roof of the adjacent building. This study was conducted on an actual object: building “P” at the University of Technology in Rzeszow. Windows located on south-western elevation of “P” building are subjected to thermal and diffused solar radiation, coming from a flat roof of a nearby gym. It was suspected, that this extra heat flux may have significant influence on compartment overheating, that is observed by occupants of “P” building. For the purpose of this study, various atmospheric data, such as temperatures, solar irradiance and wind speed were collected on site. In order to gain more detailed insight into investigated problem, Finite Elements model of occurring phenomenon was developed. FE modelling along with calculations of necessary view factors were performed in Matlab 2019a. Our study demonstrated, that analysed windows receive twice the heat gains from the flat roof, that they would have received from grass covered ground surface in absence of the gym. It has been concluded, that the proximity of the flat roof with bituminous cover considerably influences radiative heat gains of the windows, especially these located at lower floors and the phenomenon seriously contributes to overheating of the compartments in studied building.