Phenolic compounds are frequently present in various natural products, and they can have different beneficial biological potentials. The most widely used method for determination of individual phenolic compounds is high-performance liquid chromatography (HPLC). In this paper, a method for simultaneous determination of 16 phenolic compounds (gallic acid, p-hydroxybenzoic acid, catechin, syringic acid, trans-cinnamic acid, hesperetin, naringenin, vanillic acid, benzoic acid, coumaric acid, resveratrol, chlorogenic acid, caffeic acid, rutin, quercetin, and kaempferol) on a core–shell column was developed. The separation method conducted on a standard ODS (250 mm) column was transferred to Poroshell column and optimized using non-ultra-high-performance liquid chromatography (UHPLC) apparatus. Phenolic compounds were separated fast and efficiently during 30-min analysis, and validation parameters were determined. The developed method was successfully applied on the analysis of phenolic content after direct injection of red wines from three different grape varieties.