The aim of the contribution is to draw attention to the value of study of humanities and to humanities research. As an example we use the research of Byzantine values and their impact on the European regions. The Byzantine Empire as a medieval power influenced the political and cultural-social development, and for a long time secured economic and social stability in much of the Mediterranean and the adjacent areas. The influence of Byzantium on the Slavic environment can be seen at different levels. Comparing Byzantine values with current values and monitoring of their impact on the formation of Slavic identity in Great Moravia and Slovaks in contemporary Europe enables to explore the transformation of values and the changes of individuals in social relationships. Globalization in the post-modern era has raised fundamental questions addressed to the global society that deal not only with the development of technology, or economy but also with important problems of national culture, cultural heritage and other cultural segments, their preservation and development.