In metal cutting industries, machining processing, especially turning operation is very basic type of machining. For certain processes in manufacturing, it is favourable and necessary to have certain knowledge about heat generation and temperature rise (including average and maximum temperature) during machining process. Increment in maximum temperature at clearance face or at rake face of cutting tool causes the reduction in life of tool. Similarly, the quality of machined surface, a metallurgical structural alteration in tool and workpiece material also depends on the maximum temperature, temperature gradient and cooling rate of both tool and workpiece. Certain physical and chemical reactions that are developed during the cutting process are directly connected with tool wear, power consumption, surface roughness on work piece material and cutting temperature. The natural low of thermal energy gives significant relationship between cutting temperature and cutting parameters in order to improvement of cutting tool’s wok efficiency, quality and accuracy. The heat distribution in cutting tool, in formed chip and in workpiece material strongly depends on (mechanical and chemical) properties of cutting tool and workpiece material, cutting speed, depth of cut, feed rate, nose radius, geometry of tool, type of coolant used and other parameters. This work presents some results of research done during turning steel 235JR realized on conventional lathe CDS 6250 BX-1000 with severe parameters. These demonstrate the necessity of further, more detailed research on turning process temperature, realized for different materials.