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In this paper the sheet forming process of cylindrical drawpieces was sim-ulated based on the finite element method by the explicit approach in the pres-ence of contact conditions with isotropic and anisotropic friction. The ex-perimental and numerical results obtained in the Abaqus finite element (FE) based program are presented. The aim of the experimental study is to analyse material behaviour under deformation and in addition to use the results to verify numerical simulation results. It was found that, although, the anisotropy of resistance to friction affects the height of ears, the influence of the friction formulation is relatively small in comparison with material anisotropy. The study indicates that FE analysis with 3-node triangular shell element S3R elements ensures the best approximation of the numerical results to the real process when both material and friction anisotropy are taken into account.
Purpose: Paper describes bending of sheet metal for angles greater than 90 degrees on simple forming tools. Bending using the bending method „traktrix” (in two steps) or the method „turning of the strip” (in one step) can be used for more complicated bends, i. e., for 90 degrees or more. Design/methodology/approach: We used the principle of “traktrix“ curve known in field of deep drawing process in bending process. The bending method, based on „traktrix” curve for more complicated bends, i. e., for 90° or more was developed. A sketch of 90° bending of unknown author and unknown source existed. Findings: It’s possible to bend sheet metal for 90 degrees or more using “traktrix” curve. Research limitations/implications: The research was limited by time and costs. We carried out the research till we get the described product. Future research should be performed in field of parameters of bending tool. Practical implications: We made only one version of each method, of course for practical reasons since we did not need different angles on one product. It would be appropriate to complement both methods in detail theoretically and by testing in the frame of a more comprehensive research work. Originality/value: This article describes the original approach to bending of sheet metal for angles greater than 90 degrees. Movement of forming tool is carried out only in vertical direction and therefore savings by construction and manufacturing of bending tools are possible.
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