The transport sector in Poland heavily pollutes the environment, and together with individual heating systems, it contributes to bad air quality in Polish cities. One of solutions to this problem, among others, is electric transport. It should lead to reduced emissions, but 80% of electricity in Poland is generated from coal and lignite, the “dirty” fuels. This paper is meant to compare the emission of pollutants from power plants per kilometre covered by electric vehicles and by conventional cars. For this purpose, statistical data was used. Additional information concerning possible electromobility evolution, other low emission transport solutions, Polish energy mix evolution, external costs of electricity and differences between EURO limits and real driving emission are also included.