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EN
The article focuses on the actual scientific and practical problem of accounting for the influence of meteorological and climatic factors in the technical and economic calculations in the field of environmental management. It has been proven that the introduction of scientifically sound and effective methods of using meteorological and climatic information in economic calculations significantly reduces the loss caused by weather conditions and improves the implementation of an optimal strategy for agricultural production on reclaimed lands. Such calculations are based on economic and statistical modelling of different variants that accounting for standard hydrometeorological information in the implementation of design, management and economic decisions. This increases the validity and reliability of calculations, as well as their compliance with the actual operating conditions of environmental and economic facilities. Consequently, this attracts increased interest of both public and private investors. Not only under such conditions is a sustainable development of environmental management sectors possible but also the adaptation to global climate change and additional benefits from the efficient economic activity in the new environmental conditions.
EN
One of the recent biggest environmental problems is pollution by excessive waste produc-tion. One of the ways to partially eliminate this problem is packaging-free stores. The paper focuses on analysing the environmental behaviour of individual generations of consumers concerning shopping in packaging-free stores. A questionnaire survey served as a source for data gathering. In the analysis, we applied the method of descriptive statistics and mathematical-statistical methods (Shapiro-Wilk W test, Kruskal Wallis test, Wilcoxon rank-sum test) to verify the difference between generational groups of consumers and their awareness of packaging-free stores. Another verified variables were the gender of respondents and their experience of shopping in a packaging-free store. The research results confirmed that packaging-free stores should focus their marketing activities on all generations of consumers and focus on finding appropriate ways to increase the level of interest of all age groups.
PL
Jednym z problemów środowiskowych jest obciążenie spowodowane nadmierną produkcją odpadów. Sposobem na częściowe wyeliminowanie tego problemu są sklepy bez opakowań. W artykule skupiono się na analizie zachowań proekologicznych poszczególnych generacji konsumentów dokonujących zakupów w sklepach bez opakowań. Źródłem pozyskania danych były badania ankietowe. W analizie zastosowano metodę statystyki opisowej oraz metody matematyczno-statystyczne (test Shapiro-Wilka, test Kruskala Wallisa, test Wilcoxona) w celu weryfikacji różnic między grupami pokoleniowymi konsumentów oraz ich świadomości na temat sklepów bez opakowań. Kolejnymi weryfikowanymi zmiennymi były płeć respondentów oraz ich doświadczenie z zakupami w sklepie bez opakowań. Wyniki badań potwierdziły, że sklepy bez opakowań powinny skoncentrować swoje działania marketingowe na konsumentach wszystkich pokoleń i skupić się na znalezieniu odpowiednich sposobów na zwiększenie poziomu zainteresowania wszystkich grup wiekowych.
EN
In Morocco, the population growth and changes in consumption and production patterns are increasing the amount of generated waste, particularly household solid waste. It is estimated at 6.9 million tons per year, of which 5.5 million tons in urban areas, with a ratio of 0.76 kg/inhabitant/day (Ministry of the Interior, national portal for local authorities, National Household Waste Program). In the absence of controlled landfills, this waste negatively affects living spaces and generates health and environmental problems. The province of Settat, which is affected by this scourge, inefficiently manages this household waste as in other regions, thus requiring improvement with the involvement of the actors concerned. This work involves the creation of a cartographic database of household waste in the province of Settat using a Geographic Information System (GIS). The analysis of the maps made, the observation of photos of existing landfills, and a diagnosis of the landfills in the Settat province have shown a direct negative impact on the different vital axes.
PL
Żyjąc w trwającej od milionów lat izolacji archipelagu Nowej Zelandii, trudno zrozumieć problem gawłtownego wzrostu populacji na świecie i obciążenia, jakie wywiera on na delikatne ekosystemy miejskie. Pomimo tego architekci krajobrazu Nowej Zelandii dają przykład świadomych rozwiązań na poziomie globalnym i starają się wnieść zrównoważony wkład w odpowiedzialne zarządzanie środowiskiem miejskim.
EN
Purpose: The aim of the paper is to analyze relations between the implementation of industry management systems in European Union countries. Design/methodology/approach: Critical literature analysis. Analysis of statistic data about: quality management system (ISO 9001:2015), environmental management system (ISO 14001:2015) and occupational health and safety management system (ISO 45001:2018) in European Union countries. Findings: The publication focuses on the analysis of quantitative relations between the industry standards that make up the integrated management system. The analysis of data concerning the number of ISO 9001:2015, ISO 14001:2015, ISO 27001:2013, ISO 22000:2018 and ISO 45001:2018 certificates implemented in the European Union countries allows to conclude that there are correlations between the number of implemented particular standards. In particular, the presence of a standard concerning the quality management system ISO 9001 is positively correlated with all other analyzed certified management systems. The results of the analysis support the H1 hypothesis, which says: the presence of other industry management systems is positively correlated with the presence of ISO 9001:2015 quality management system in organizations. Originality/value: In the paper we found that in most European Union countries, implementation of particular standards, especially ISO 9001, ISO 14001 and ISO 45001, is strongly correlated.
EN
Purpose: The purpose of this publication is to investigate the linear correlation relationship between the deployment of five certified management systems (ISO 9001:2015; ISO 14001:2015; ISO 27001:2013 and ISO 45001:2018) in organizations operating within the European Union. Design/methodology/approach: Critical literature analysis. Analysis of secondary sources - data about number of certifications (ISO 9001; ISO 14001, ISO 45001, ISO 22000, ISO 27001) in EU countries in 2018. Findings: The publication focuses on the analysis of quantitative relations between the industry standards that make up the integrated management system. The focus was on the three most common systems: quality management system (ISO 9001:2015), environmental management system (ISO 14001:2015) and occupational health and safety management system (ISO 45001:2018). In addition, the analysis took into account two systems often occurring as a component of integrated systems: ISO 27001:2013 information security management system and ISO 22000:2018 food safety management system, which are industry standards that make up the integrated management system. Originality/value: Detailed analysis of relations between numbers of main ISO certificates in EU countries.
EN
Purpose: The purpose of the article is to analyse the possibilities of using life cycle assessment in circular economy. Direct applications of LCA are being considered, including product development and improvement, strategic planning, public policy making and marketing. Design/methodology/approach: Literature research of the subject was carried out. Findings: The possibilities and challenges of applying LCA were indicated. This methodology, in accordance with the provisions of the new circular economy action plan, is becoming increasingly important. Practical implications: A comparison of two or more products in terms of environmental impacts in the life cycle, desired by both companies and customers (in both business-to-business and business-to-client relations), is also difficult to do at the same time. First of all, it requires the use of uniform analytical assumptions. The article contains tips on how to solve this problem. Particular hopes can be associated with the implementation of the environmental footprint being developed by the European Commission. Social implications: The LCA can make a valuable contribution to public policy formulation because it allows policymakers to take into account potential unintended environmental consequences that otherwise cannot be predicted. Originality/value: An analysis of applying LCA was made in relation to the new circular economy action plan (issued in March 2020). Great emphasis was placed on the quantitative approach to the results obtained, which determines the relevance of the article.
EN
This publication presents a case study of responsible environmental management on the example of a Polish organization having the objective of municipal waste management. The results of the conducted analyses allow to conclude that the organization is well prepared to implement an environmental management system compliant with the requirements of ISO 14001:2015 standard. This publication presents and characterises environmental programmes which are implemented by the organization. The purpose of this publication is to present, on the example of a selected organization, the adaptation to the implementation of the environmental management system compliant with ISO 14001:2015 standard and to analyse the benefits obtained by the organization as a result of implementing the environmental management system. The carried-out surveys suggest that pro-environmental activities undertaken by the organization will bring numerous benefits. The benefits can include, inter alia, increased customer confidence, improved image of the organization and thus an increase in the number of services provided by the company. Environmental performance indicators will be carried out for the assessment of the functioning of the implemented environmental management system. This will allow an effective identification of the areas that require improvement.
PL
W publikacji przedstawiono analizę przypadku odpowiedzialnego zarządzania środowiskowego na przykładzie polskiej organizacji zajmującej się gospodarką odpadami komunalnymi. Wyniki przeprowadzonych analiz pozwalają na stwierdzenie, że organizacja jest dobrze przygotowana do implementacji systemu zarządzania środowiskowego zgodnego z wymaganiami ISO 14001:2015. W publikacji przedstawiono i scharakteryzowano programy środowiskowe jakie są realizowane przez organizację. Celem niniejszej publikacji jest przedstawienie na przykładzie wybranej organizacji dostosowania do wdrożenia systemu zarządzania środowiskowego ISO 14001:2015 oraz analiza korzyści uzyskiwanych przez organizację w wyniku wdrożenia systemu zarządzania środowiskowego. Przeprowadzone badania ankietowe sugerują, że działania proekologiczne realizowane przez organizację pozwolą na uzyskanie licznych korzyści. Między innymi mogą one przyczynić się do zwiększenia zaufania klientów, poprawić wizerunek organizacji jak również w efekcie spowodować wzrost ilości usług wykonywanych przez przedsiębiorstwo. W celu analizy funkcjonowania wdrożonego systemu zarządzania środowiskowego będzie się prowadzić analizę wskaźników efektywności środowiskowej, które pozwolą na efektywne wskazywanie obszarów możliwej poprawy i ich udoskonalanie.
EN
The level of environmental safety culture depends on many factors, including the influence of parents and the education system, the media and the quality of life. In the current Economy 4.0, globalization, increasing greenhouse effect, etc., it is the information and education system and the pro-environmental strategic actions undertaken by organizations that are beginning to play a significant role in building awareness and care for the environment. It is precisely the environmental corporate social responsibility, both of state institutions, the legislator, business entities and society (every citizen) that can significantly change the phenomenon of environmental degradation. The aim of the article is to present the essence of ecological corporate social responsibility and the activities undertaken by selected market stakeholders. The analysis carried out implies that ECSR is built through the implementation of pro-environmental stakeholder's actions, e.g. legislative changes, implementation of management systems according to ISO standards, use of renewable energy sources, etc. that aim at ensuring safety or improving the current state of the environment.
PL
Poziom kultury bezpieczeństwa ekologicznego uzależniony jest od wielu czynników między innymi wpływu rodziców i systemu edukacji, mediów, jakości życia. W obecnej gospodarce 4.0, globalizacji, zwiększającym się efekcie cieplarnianym itd., to system informacyjno-edukacyjny i podejmowane przez organizacje strategiczne działania pro środowiskowe zaczynają odgrywać znaczącą rolę w budowaniu świadomości oraz troski o środowisko naturalne. To właśnie ekologiczna społeczna odpowiedzialność biznesu, zarówno instytucji państwowych, ustawodawcy, podmiotów gospodarczych i społeczeństwa (każdego obywatela) może w znaczący sposób wpłynąć na zmianę zjawiska degradacji środowiska naturalnego. Celem artykułu jest przedstawienie istoty ekologicznej społecznej odpowiedzialności biznesu oraz działań podejmowanych przez wybranych interesariuszy rynku. Z przeprowadzonej analizy wynika, że ECSR budowane jest poprzez implementację działań pro środowiskowych interesariuszy np. zmian ustawowych, wdrożeń systemów zarządzania wg norm ISO, wykorzystywanie odnawialnych źródeł energii, itp. zmierzających do zapewnienia bezpieczeństwa lub poprawy obecnego stanu środowiska naturalnego.
EN
In recent years, the tilt of the corporate world towards non-financial reporting can be clearly seen from traditional accounting practices. Sustainability reporting disclosures are an important tool for providing information about the environmental and social performance of companies to their various stakeholders. From a financial perspective, for any firm, there is always a possibility of reporting more of the information that favours their interests or conceal that which is not in their favour. This study evaluates the annual and sustainability reports of 380 Indian, 400 Chinese and 400 USA companies from five highly polluting industries on the basis of GRI (global reporting initiatives) guidelines. From the result, it is inferred that the findings are consistent with the legitimacy theory. The result shows that the profitability and capital structure of firms in the sample do not affect the sustainability reporting practices significantly. In addition, larger firms have a tendency to disclose more information in their annual and sustainability reports than smaller firms.
PL
W ostatnich latach wyraźnie widać w tradycyjnych praktykach rachunkowych przechylenie świata korporacyjnego w kierunku sprawozdawczości niefinansowej. Raportowania zrównoważonego rozwoju są ważnym narzędziem dostarczającym informacji o środowiskowych i społecznych wynikach działalności przedsiębiorstw różnym interesariuszom. Z perspektywy finansowej, dla każdej firmy, zawsze istnieje możliwość zgłoszenia większej ilości informacji, które faworyzują ich interesy lub ukrywają te, które są niekorzystne. W artykule oceniono roczne raporty dotyczące zrównoważonego rozwoju 380 indyjskich, 400 chińskich i 400 amerykańskich firm z pięciu wysoce zanieczyszczających środowisko branż na podstawie wytycznych GRI (Globalnych Inicjatyw Sprawozdawczych). Dokonane ​​ustalenia są zgodne z teorią legalności. Otrzymane wyniki pokazują, że rentowność i struktura kapitałowa firm nie wpływają znacząco na praktyki raportowania zrównoważonego rozwoju. Ponadto większe firmy mają tendencję do ujawniania większej ilości informacji w swoich rocznych raportach i raportach dotyczących zrównoważonego rozwoju niż mniejsze firmy.
EN
The article considers international trends and directions of inclusive growth which is considered as an inclusive economic growth and is measured by heterogeneous growth indicators, as an index of inclusive development. Considering the above, was analysed the existing state of the country's growth considering the environmental, economic, social and technological components as prerequisites for inclusive environmental management. Thus, the main focus of this article is on the formation of prerequisites for inclusive nature management in socio-economic and environmental practices and their subsequent methodological support. So segments of population prosperity means not just material consumption, but social vision formation and the institutional support creation for enables everyone to participate in the socio-economic achievements. The main gaps in the institutional support of the inclusive environmental management process are disclosed: in the social sphere: limited access to economically viable means that meet the real needs of the population in terms of health care, social assistance, basic education and awareness; in the ecological and economic sphere there is no effective and efficient management of providing the population with products that comply with the requirements of eco-certification and eco-labelling, which negatively affects the replenishment of the state budget and the promotion of the rational use of natural resources. Therefore, in order to create a favourable climate and institutional support of inclusive environmental management, in this article, will conduct a thorough analysis of the status of its components and assess the compliance of the existing conditions with current international requirements for inclusiveness. Inclusive growth requires environmental inclusion, which can be achieved through the introduction of new metrics and resource value indicators in regional development projects and programs. In doing so, measures should be developed and recommendations made to improve further planning and control.
EN
The article examines the significance and role of eco-management in the system of green economy as it is connected with the need to develop new scientific and methodological approaches to managerial decision-making aimed at ensuring resource-oriented production and economic activities of an organization. The purpose of the research is to develop management technologies for eco-management to build a green economy. The eco-management technologies are studied in the following areas: 1) an analysis and evaluation of statistical observations on economic development trends and identification of issues in resource conservation, 2) justification of the need for a new approach to managing organizations, namely considering an environmental component in the decision-making process, 3) the choice of resource-saving measures in terms of a limited financial budget, 4) algorithmic implementation of environmental management components as an important component of an organization's competitive strategy. The methodical approach to the choice of environmental measures and criteria of resource utilization completeness is suggested. This allows forming the information space as a basis for making management decisions in the field of ecological safety of industrial organizations. During the last decade, the main trends of economic development have confirmed the importance of resource efficiency as far as economic and environmental aspects, which has allowed to determine the impact of research results on the economy and the environment from the standpoint of sustainable development. To this end, practical recommendations for reusing industrial waste in the production activities of companies have been provided. Within the established system of principles, criteria, and factors of rational and efficient use of resources in the conditions of modern economy, the issues of identifying and revealing the features in the development of branch organizations within the mechanism of their resource efficiency have proved to be crucial and of paramount importance.
EN
The underlying objective of the paper is to indicate pro-environmental awareness level in micro and small enterprises and its influence on this sector’s activity in the context of environmental management. The author has introduced a taxonomy of pro-environmental awareness and also pro-environmental security, pro-environmental culture and pro-environmental ethics. Heterogeneous pro-environmental attitudes of units/entities (including business entities) have been aggregated in the paper, in the context of their transformation from a passive towards active attitude. The elaborated levels of pro-environmental awareness growth have been summarised in a chronological grasp, which constituted the subject of the research with reference to the subject matter of the paper defined in its title. The author has also justified the selection of the research subject - micro and small enterprises, which are a source of surface contamination (local one), but not always perceived as beneficiaries of the natural environment. With reference to the adopted subject of the research the author has made an attempt to evaluate the pro-environmental awareness of the purposefully selected population of micro and small enterprises. Maturity level of their pro-environmental awareness has also been evaluated according to the adopted scale described and explained in the theoretical part of the paper, which is a narrow part of the conducted research and an attempt to answer the question: What is the maturity level of pro-environmental awareness in micro and small enterprises and is it reflected in their green activity in the conducted business activity?.
EN
The present age is marked by an unsustainable trends not only in the field of production but also in consumption, and concerns all levels of the community. At enterprise level, there is an effort to eliminate these negative trends by the application of several concepts in which environment and security are the essential parts. The paper focuses on environmental management as a significant part of the corporate sustainability concept and reports using of specific environmental tools to promote corporate sustainability. Apart from the tools, the paper also deals with motives that lead enterprises to focus on the environmental protection. The data were obtained through a questionnaire survey among Slovak manufacture enterprises. The focus of the research is transformed into several hypotheses. Several methods of inferential statistics (Interval estimate, Chi-square test, Kruskal-Wallis ANOVA, and Wilcoxon signed-rank test) were used to verify our hypotheses. In hypothesis testing we used .05 level of significance. Based on the descriptive statistics it is evident that 50% of the total number of enterprises (N = 336) use at least one of the environmental management tools. Their using depends on the origin of capital. The results also indicate the individual benefits of focusing on environmental management and underline their importance to the business world.
EN
Organizations use standards to help them manage their activities to comply with regulations and help prevent, mitigate, and control adverse environmental impacts. ISO 14001 is an international standard for environmental management that provides a framework for addressing these responsibilities. The purpose of this study was to examine the relationship between the organization’s primary motivation for the adoption of ISO 14001 and the value creators perceived through the implementation of the Environmental Management and Business Management Standard. The study used the data from the International Organization for Standardization 2013 ISO 14001 Continuous Improvement Survey and the survey results of the participants. It used an existing theoretical model and attempts to improve understanding of how contextual factors influence the outcomes of the ISO 14001 system. The descriptive results are consistent with the statements in the literature that external pressure and stakeholder legitimacy are the main causes for the introduction of ISO 14001.
PL
Organizacje wykorzystują normy w celu pomocy w zarządzaniu ich działaniami, tak aby stosować się do regulacji i pomóc zapobiegać, łagodzić skutki i kontrolować niekorzystne wpływy środowiska. 14001 jest normą międzynarodową nt. zarządzania środowiskiem, która zawiera narzędzia do wypełnienia tych celów. Zadaniem niniejszej pracy było zbadanie zależności między podstawową motywacją danej organizacji do przyjęcia ISO 14001 a postrzeganą wartością, związaną z wprowadzeniem Zarządzania Środowiskowego i Standardem Zarządzania Biznesowego. W pracy wykorzystane dane Międzynarodowej Organizacji Normalizacyjnej: „2013 ISO 14001 Continuous Improvement Survey” i wyników badań uczestników. Wykorzystano istniejący, teoretyczny model i próby zrozumienia, jak czynniki kontekstowe wpływają na wyniki wg ISO 14001. Wyniki opisowe są zgodne z danymi literaturowymi, że głównie presja zewnętrzna i interesariusze wpływają na wprowadzenie ISO 14001.
EN
The uptake of various types of norms on management around the world resulted in the creation of a range of certificates that have been accepted by organizations and are improving their marketing position on the international market. In the area of environmental management, the ISO 14001 norm is the type of certificate that is widely used. This norm is implemented by many industrial and, ever more often, service organizations around the world. This publication presents an analysis of the state of implementation of the ISO 14001 standard in European Union countries. To carry out the analysis, saturation of ISO 14001 indicator was introduced, which is discussed in detail in the later part of the publication. The article aims to examine saturation with the ISO 14001 certificates of European Union countries and determine whether there exists a relation between the saturation of ISO 14001 certificates and the wealth of individual countries measured by GDP per capita.
PL
Powszechne rozpowszechnienie rożnego rodzaju norm dotyczących zarządzania na świecie powoduje, że powstało wiele tego rodzaju certyfikatów, znajdujących uznanie organizacji i poprawiających ich pozycje marketingową na rynku międzynarodowym. W obszarze zarządzania środowiskowego tego rodzaju certyfikatem, powszechnie stosowanym na świecie, jest norma ISO 14001. Jest ona stosowana na całym świecie przez wiele organizacji zarówno przemysłowych jak i coraz częściej usługowych. W niniejszej publikacji przedstawiono analizę stanu implementacji normy ISO 14001 w krajach Unii Europejskiej. Aby wykonać tego rodzaju analizę posłużono się wprowadzonym wskaźnikiem nasycenia certyfikatami ISO 14001, który został szczegółowo omówiony w dalszej części publikacji. Celem artykułu jest zbadanie nasycenia certyfikatami ISO 14001 krajów Unii Europejskiej i określenie czy istnieje związek między nasyceniem certyfikatami ISO 14001 a zamożnością poszczególnych krajów mierzonym PKB per capita.
EN
The increasing worldwide energy consumption, especially in the industry range, forces the companies to search for the solutions, which - being written into sustainable development philosophy - would allow for reducing the level of the energy consumption of the realised processes and lowering the costs of their functioning. Those activities can be undertaken in the systemic way, very often based on the implementation of the energy management system, they can also have the character of technical or technological modernisation. Fundament of the decision concerning the manner of the minimisation of energy consumption should always be the energy risk management covering: its identification, evaluation and acceptability assessment. The studies proposed the principles for defining the significant energy aspects by the full identification of all the present aspects and next the development of unified methodology of their assessment, allowing for appointing the key aspects. The starting point constitutes the energy risk ratio, which takes into consideration the following criteria: probability of the occurrence, significance of the occurrence, ability to monitor, incompatibility with legal requirements, and the interest and attention of the stakeholders. Flexibility of the applied method enables complex application in every organisation - independently of its size and sort of the realised processes - which wants to manage the risky energy aspects.
EN
The essence of low-carbon logistics is to make logistics capacity grow moderately to meet the requirements of social and economic developments and the goals of energy conservation and carbon reduction through logistics planning and policies, logistics rationalization and standardization, logistics informationization, low-carbon logistics technologies, etc. This study evaluates the performances of human resources in low-carbon logistics enterprises from three assessment facets: work ability, work performance, and work attitude. It adopts the AHP method to reasonably determine an indicator system of performance evaluation and its weight to avoid certain human-caused bias. According to the results herein, the low-carbon work attitude of the case company in recent years has produced good performance, but its low-carbon work performance and low-carbon work ability are both poor. The case company should practically implement and strengthen these indicators so as to enhance human resource performance in low-carbon logistics enterprises. This study establishes a human resources performance evaluation system for low-carbon logistics enterprises to measure the low-carbon working ability, work performance, and working attitude of their general staff. In this way, enterprises may understand their development status, improve development plans, and formulate the best human resources management and development decisions, thus positively guiding their future development.
EN
All producers of wood-based materials should know to what extent their facility is in compliance with BAT (Best Available Techniques) requirements (Reference Document for the Production of Wood-based Panels, 2016). This paper presents a methodology with optimized procedures to evaluate the compliance of a facility with BAT requirements, verified using the example of an existing wood-based panel production plant. Model production of particleboard consumes 500,000 tonnes of wood (actual weight – LUTRO) annually; the largest shares are those of coniferous pulpwood with nearly 150,000 tonnes, sawdust with around 110,000 tonnes, and others. Approximately 400,000 m3 of raw particleboard is produced per year, of which about half is laminated. The company manufactures annually almost 22 million m2 of impregnated foil. There are 34 points at the plant where air emissions occur. During particleboard production, 27 types of hazardous waste and nine kinds of other waste are generated. The article is a brief overview of the subject matter and the results of research. The methodology comprises a set of theoretical analyses, results of controls on site, analyses and measurements, which are processed in 16 steps. In this article, we report the results of comparisons of the parameters of the monitored plant with the parameters of the best available technology. In the processes of production, drying and shredding of chips, the critical locations, or most demanding in terms of meeting the BAT requirements, are sawdust storage or sawdust handling, and the chip dryer. The drying of chips is the main source of air pollution and a potential source of odour. A wet electrostatic precipitator was implemented to minimize emissions from the dryer. Authorized emission measurement indicates an average PM value of 3.57 mg/m3 (with 17% O2), against a current emission limit of 20 mg/m3. The result of authorized measurement of TOC is 49 mg/m3, while the current emission limit is 300 mg/m3. The real values of the formaldehyde concentration measurements are low, below 0.76 mg/m3. The current emission limit for the sum of concentrations of formaldehyde, acetaldehyde, phenol and formic acid is 25 mg/m3. Thorough environmental management analysis of the compliance of the existing particleboard production plant has a positive impact on several environmental and economic solutions. Moreover, a series of measures and communication with competent environmental protection authorities are proposed.
PL
Różnorakie techniki i narzędzia programistyczne są coraz częściej stosowane do interaktywnej wizualizacji danych, w szczególności środowiskowych. Sukcesywnie zwiększa się powszechność i obszar ich zastosowań w zarządzaniu środowiskiem oraz w upowszechnianiu i popularyzacji wyników badań naukowych. W pracy przedstawiono wybrane przykłady zastosowań wizualizacji danych środowiskowych, omówiono ich wady i zalety, wymieniono także jedne z najpopularniejszych technik i narzędzi umożliwiających ich tworzenie. W konkluzji zwrócono uwagę, że wizualizacje danych znajdują coraz częściej zastosowanie w naukach przyrodniczych i technicznych. Ponadto zauważono, że wizualizacje danych środowiskowych mogą wpływać na efektywność zarządzania środowiskiem, a wielokrotnie ponawiany i wieloźródłowy przekaz informacji może nagłośnić problemy środowiskowe oraz wpłynąć na świadomość ekologiczną jednostek lub grup społecznych.
EN
Various programmatic techniques and tools are more and more frequently being used for the interactive visualization of data, especially environmental data. Their prevalence and domain of their use in environmental management as well as the promotion and popularization of scientific survey results have increased successively. Chosen examples of applications of environmental data interactive visualizations were presented in the paper, their advantages and disadvantages were discussed, and some of the most-popular techniques and tools used in their creation were listed. In conclusion, it was pointed out that data visualizations are being applied more and more in the natural and technical sciences. Moreover, it was noticed that environmental data visualizations can influence the efficiency of environmental management, and the repeatedly reiterated and multi-sourced transmission of data can publicize environmental problems as well as affect the ecological awareness of individuals or social groups.
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