Huge, practically uncontrolled, dynamic development of new technologies created mainly in widely understood technology is possible thanks to accumulated capital (banks), and simultaneously is a main factor of both human development as well as unfortunately it also is connected with negative effects regarding destruction of the environment. That is why for the last several years many publication in the world and also in Poland are dedicated to so-called sustainable development, in which Polish scientists' research has important role [21÷29, 32]. The authoress shows in the paper, that in introduced considerations protection of human health as an individual ant then as the community is in the exact relationship with the environment protection (ecology) and is its integral piece. The environment protection is prophylaxis, environment engineering is a diagnosis and improvement of the environment quality and that requires financial funds and protections - that is economy of the environment and the good friendly law concerning the environment protection is necessary (regulations - laws, decrees, controls, fines). So there is analogy to prophylaxis and treatment of human being in medicine. All mentioned above creates certain compact entirety in the reference to sustainable development - as the road to the human prosperity, all the time considering his health as an individual and as a community in parametric correlation with the environment protection (ecology). Unfortunately the drive for prosperity both of an individual and a community exposes on diseases, which are based on the weak psychical immunity (various for various people) - weak psyche is based on small nervous resistance in stress situations. This, in the turn, reduces the immunity of the organism on diseases -particularlythose which become the social plague and which were described (bulimia, diabetes and cancer diseases); first two also on the basis of own sometimes many years' investigations and observations of Authoresses, described from the psychological side.