This article addresses the problem of occupational burnout, presenting the characteristics of the phenomenon, its causes, effects and methods of prevention and counteraction. The issue of burnout is widespread, as it is reaching a wider and wider numbers of employees. The severity of this problem may be of concern, as it carries a lot of negative effects, including an impact on health, the safety of others, the development of personality, the functioning of an individual in society and the course of a career. It can lead to large losses incurred by enterprises, employers and employees themselves. In our country, we hear more and more about the need to counter occupational burnout, and various prevention programmes and preventive institutions are being created.