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This study reconstructs the type and migration history of fluids within the Cretaceous-Paleogene rocks of the Silesian and Dukla units in the border area of the Polish and Ukrainian Carpathians. Quartz (the “Marmarosh diamonds”), calcite and organic matter fill fractures in the sedimentary rocks of the Tertiary accretionary prism of the Carpathian thrust units. The calcite and quartz contain numerous solid, liquid and gaseous inclusions. Generally two types of fluids are distinguished — aqueous and hydrocarbon. Homogenisation temperatures of hydrocarbons in quartz range from -128 to + 85°C. Hydrocarbon fluids contain light (methane) and heavier (oil) compounds. Aqueous inclusions generally display homogenisation temperatures between 110 and 230°C. The δI3CPBD values for calcite range from -3.5to +2.9%o, while the δI8Osmow range from 18.9 to 27.7%o. The 8I8OSMOwvalues for quartz range from 15.7 and 26.7%o. Fluidinclu- sions indicate that maximum pressures and temperatures occur at the early development of the vein mineralization. They vary from 2.4 to 2.7kbarin the Krosno (Silesian) Unit and from1.7to 1.9kbarinthe Dukla Unit at 190-230°C. The crystallisation of the “Marmarosh diamonds” in the NW part of the study area occurred at lower P-T conditions of 0.9 kbar and 110-175°C. Generally, the migrating fluids are represented by a mixture ofthe low salinity aqueous and the hydrocarbon-rich fluids.
Fluid inclusion studies were conducted in the vein quartz known as the "Marmarosh diamonds" of the Krosno and Dukla zones of the Ukrainian Carpathians, which are potentially oil- and gas-bearing. The "Marmarosh diamonds" contain different types of fluid inclusions which record the evolution of the quartz formation. The inclusions were studied by means of gas chromatography, microthermometry and fluorescence. The following sequence has been observed: methane inclusions displaying characteristic features due to crystallography, light hydrocarbons, complex inclusions with a variety of bitumens, and gas-liquid inclusions with two different hydrocarbon phases. The regions where the light hydrocarbon inclusions occur seem to be the most promising as regards oil and gas prospects.
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