After the collapse of the Warsaw Pact, Poland started a major revision of its security and defense thinking. Poland, as a new democracy, saw membership of NATO as a way to guarantee security. As a consequence sovereignty and membership of NATO was declared to be a strategic goal of Polish security policy. In 1992, the Polish government published “doctrinal” texts setting out the security and defense policy of Poland, their view of potential threats, and the new purposes and tasks of the armed forces. This doctrine on Polish security and defense policy was the basis for further Polish security considerations. In 1998, Warsaw adopted the “Program for Integration into the North Atlantic Treaty Organization and Modernization of the Polish Armed Forces 1998-2012,” which took a long-term approach. Later, on 6 March 2001, the government adopted the Project of Technical Reorganization, Modernization and funding of the Armed Forces of the Republic of Poland in years 2001-2006,which provided a short-term option. These plans provided a strategy for integrating Poland into NATO. The eight-year Polish effort to gain acceptance to join NATO finally succeeded on March 12, 1999. Since that time the POLAF has undertaken an initiative to reorganize its training system according to NATO standards and procedures, modernize infrastructure and introduce new equipment, such as combat aircraft and radar systems. The next aspect of integration involved improvements of command and control system. A lot of changes in these field of activity were undertaken. The new Centrum Operacji Powietrznych - COP (similar to Combined Air Operation Centre - CAOC) together with four Ośrodkami Dowodzenia i Naprowadzania - ODN (similar to Air Control and Reporting Center - CRC) was created. Furthermore, the corps level of command and control, i.e. ADC was abolished. However, to achieve compatibility and interoperability within the NATO command system it is necessary to create and sustain a new military organization in Polish air force chain of command. A new structure which will be able to fulfil national and allied expectations in the fields of planning process, collaboration with other components, execution of missions, training, and exercises. So, the main aim of this article is to define the role and mission of the new POLAF command organization - Air Component Command Headquarters. To solve this problem it is necessary to find solutions for the following questions: How is the NATO Air command and control system (C2) organized? ; What is the mission and organization of the NATO Air Component Command Headquarter? ; What does the Polish Air Force command and control system look like? ; How to organize Polish Air Component Command Headquarter?