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Energy demand is increasing exponentially in the last decade. To meet such demand there is an urgent need to enhance the power generation capacity of the electrical power generation system worldwide. A combined-cycle gas turbines power plant is an alternative to replace the existing steam/gas electric power plants. The present study is an attempt to investigate the effect of different parameters to optimize the performance of the combined cycle power plant. The input physical parameters such as pressure ratio, air fuel ratio and a fraction of combustible product to heat recovery heat exchanger via gas turbine were varied to determine the work output, thermal efficiency, and exergy destruction. The result of the present study shows that for maximum work output, thermal efficiency as well as total exergy destruction, extraction of combustible gases from the passage of the combustion chamber and gas turbine for heat recovery steam generator is not favorable. Work output and thermal efficiency increase with an increase in pressure ratio and decrease in air fuel ratio but for minimum total exergy destruction, the pressure ratio should be minimum and air fuel ratio should be maximum.
The effective elastic properties and pressure distribution in granular mixtures depend on both, material and geometric properties of particles. Using the discrete element method, the effect of geometric and statistical factors on the mechanical response of binary packings of steel beads under uniaxial confined compression was studied. The ratio of the diameter of small and large spheres in bidisperse mixtures was chosen to prevent small particles from percolating through bedding. The study addressed lateral-to-vertical pressure ratio and effective elastic modulus of particulate beds. The bimodality of mixtures was found to have a strong effect on the packing density of samples with the ratio between large and small particles larger than 1.3; however, no effect of particle size ratio and contribution of particle size fractions on the distribution of pressure and elasticity of bidisperse packings was observed. Regardless on the composition of mixtures, the lateral-to-vertical pressure ratio followed the same paths with increasing contribution of small particles in mixtures. The effective elastic modulus of granular packings increased with increasing compressive load and was slightly affected by geometric and statistical factors. The experimental data followed the same trend of the DEM predictions; however, only qualitative agreement between numerical and experimental results was obtained. The discrete element method generated packings with smaller density and overpredicted pressure ratios and elastic parameters of mixtures.
Three comments to the paper mentioned in the above title are presented. First one regards wrong values of measured maximum pressure (after compression), which leads to physically impossible processes. The second one is on the nature of ignition, which is rather not autothermal, as Authors stated. Third one is on the thermodynamic processes presented in Fig. 6.
Content available Wybrane parametry mechaniczne złoża nasion rzepaku
Badano parametry mechaniczne złoża nasion rzepaku o czterech poziomach wilgotności (6, 9, 12 i 15%). Większość z nich wyznaczano według standardowych procedur zalecanych przez normę Eurocode 1. Współczynnik tarcia zewnętrznego wyznaczano dla trzech materiałów konstrukcyjnych: blachy nierdzewnej, ocynkowanej oraz betonu B 30. W wyniku badań stwierdzono, że wraz ze wzrostem wilgotności złoża, kąt tarcia wewnętrznego, kohezja oraz gęstość rosły, zaś iloraz naporu malał.
Experimental investigations of mechanical parameters of bedding of rapeseeds were performed at four levels of moisture content (6, 9, 12 and 15%). Most of the parameters were determined according Eurocode 1 standard. The coefficient of friction was determined for galvanized sheet, stainless sheet and for concrete B 30. As a result of research affirmed that with an increase in moisture content of seeds, angle of internal friction, cohesive and bulk density increased but pressure ratio decreased.
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