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This paper introduces a solution to a design problem caused by necessity of electromagnetic noise reduction in simple close-range wireless command and control systems, including Radio-frequency identification (RFID) systems. Trade-off between simplicity of data transmission, detection and decoding on one side vs. presence of high frequency harmonics in transmitted signals on the other makes some designers choose approach in which trapezoidal waveforms are used instead of rectangular ones. Moreover, edges of trapezoidal waveforms are additionally rounded to further limit presence of higher harmonics and thus to comply to EMI regulations and requirements. The paper proposes a solution based on a reimplementation of a high-voltage structure already proposed by the author, but implemented with use of different semiconductor technology process. Utilization of this new process and devices available in this technology makes possible significant increase of the circuit operation quality.
An useful modification of well known signal flow graph technique for the circuit synthesis is described in this paper in order to obtain the filters working in the current mode, with maximally variable parameters, namely characteristic frequency, quality factor, bandwidth and basic gain. Procedure is based on reciprocal conversion of the branch variables (V→I and I→V) with the adjustable conversion constants. The obtained structures are discussed in detail and then is described an example of current-mode multifunctional RC active biquadratic filter, what is today very popular analogue application. Theoretic assumptions are supported by experimental results using modern functional blocks CC II(-).
Opisano metodę analizy grafów przepływowych do projektowania filtrów pracujących w trybie prądowym z uwzględnieniem charakterystyki częstotliwościowej, współczynnika jakości, pasma I wzmocnienia. Procedura bazuje na odwrotnej konwersji zmiennych. Otrzymaną strukturę filtru przedyskutowano na przykładzie wielofunkcyjnego filtru RC w trybie prądowym. Analiza teoretyczna poparta jest wynikami.
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