W artykule zaprezentowano szereg danych statystycznych dotyczących wyniku działalności gospodarczej w Polsce i w innych krajach europejskich w trzech kwartałach 2014 r. ze szczególnym uwzględnieniem produkcji w przemyśle papierniczym i porównano je z odpowiednimi wynikami z roku poprzedniego. Dane (wielkości produkcji, cen, wymiany handlowej, rentowności, PKB) szczegółowo omówiono i przedstawiono w tabelach i na wykresach, co sprawia, że można zapoznać się z kondycją branży papierniczej bez konieczności wertowania roczników statystycznych i innych fachowych źródeł.
The article contains figures depicting the economic activity of the paper industry in Poland after three quarters of 2014. The author presents prices for fibrous materials, production figures, prices, foreign trade results, profitability rates of different groups of economic operators, etc. The presented data are compared with the same period of 2013. Pulp, paper and board production is compared to other European countries (CEPI). The analysis of figures shows a development dynamics of the Polish pulp and paper industry over a few last years. When compared to the majority of EU members, forecasts for Poland are relatively good. In the first three quarters of 2014, Poland exported 408 400 t of recovered paper (including 289 000 t of packaging grades) and imported 368 200 t (including 356 000 t of packaging grades). In 2013, in case of packaging grades, the export and import balance was close to zero. In 2014 imports of those grades were higher by 66 000 t than exports. The domestic market of packaging grades could not fulfill increased demand, that is why the import was required. From January to September 2014 the industry’s sold production was higher by 3.4% annually. The growth of 4.9% was recorded for the first quarter of the year, whereas in the third quarter the growth of 1.8% was recorded. When compared to the same period of the previous year, the growth in sold production of 4.6% was registered. Profitability rate of gross turnover in Poland’s paper industry in the first 9 months of 2014 decreased from 10.3% in the first quarter to 9.8% after the second and 10.1% after the third quarter, whereas profitability rate of net turnover, which amounted to 9.5% after the first quarter went down to 9.1% after two quarters and up to 9.3% after three quarters. When compared to the first quarter, the share of number of companies showing net profit in the third quarter of 2014 increased from 81.4% to 86.0%, so did share of income of enterprises showing net profit from 87.9% in the first quarter to 94.0% after the third one. Analysing relations between cost of goods sold and incomes from sale it can be observed that after a consistent decline of share of cost of goods sold in income from sales 2001-2003, this share started growing, worsening production profitability. In the first three quarters of 2003, the share amounted to 88.9%, in 2004 – 90.1%, in 2005 – 93.1%. In 2006, cost share in income decreased to the level of 92.9%, and to 91.5% in 2007. In 2008, the share increased again to 92.3% and in 2009 it decreased to 90%. In 2010 this share amounted to 92.9%, in 2011 – 92.1%, in 2012 – 91.8%, in 2013 – 90.8% and in 2014 it was 90.1%. The highest paper and board production was achieved in January, August and October, whereas the lowest in February and June. The price ratio of sold production (in relation to the previous month) was the lowest from March to July. The price ratio of sold production in relation to the same period of the previous year fluctuated over the whole period and it was the lowest from June to September. Analysing foreign trade results after three quarters of 2014 exports of recovered paper went down by 4.6%, books and newspapers by 5,8%, whereas paper and board went up by 1.5% and paper and board products by 10.2%. Imports of chemical pulp rose by 10.3%, recovered paper by 14.9%, paper and board by 5.8%, paper and board products by 10.7%, whereas books and newspapers dropped by 10.5%. In the first three quarters of 2014, when compared to the same period of 2013, imports of newsprint grew by 16.5%, uncoated graphics by 5.4% , tissue by 13.2%, kraft packaging papers by 1.2%., recycled packaging papers by 4.9%, coated graphics by 8.8%, coated board by 1.1%. Exports rose as follows: tissue by 65.0%, recycled packaging papers by 12.1%, coated board by 0.2%, packaging by 10.1%, toilet paper, facial tissue by 11,9% Per capita paper and board consumption in 2013 reached 116.1 kg and was 7.6% higher when compared to the previous year, the production rose by 7.4%, imports rose by 4.7%, exports rose by 4.2%. When comparing paper industry results after 9 months of 2014 to the same period of the previous year, paper and board production rose by 3.4%, imports of paper and board as well as paper and board products increased by 6.0%, and exports by 2.3%.