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Content available Methods of Vessel Casualty Process Assessment
Maritime casualty is an event of considerable economic and social impact. For this reason, implemented the reporting systems of accidents at sea, and the Administration was obligated to establish a Commission of Maritime Accidents. On the basis of casualty analysis and reports are developed proposals preventing similar casualties in the future. However, there is no uniform evaluation system which check references of existing regulations and recommendations to the occurred casualties. This paper presents a method to evaluate the used methods of casualty prediction with respect to the real incident and catastrophe.
This paper presents the Crew Resource Management which has now been in the existence for more than two decades as a foundation of maritime transport in order to improve the operational efficiency of shipping. The impact of human errors on collisions and grounding of ocean going vessels have been taken place due to the human or team errors which need to be analyzed by various maritime casualties in depth. The first section of this article is devoted to investigate the role of Human Resource Management, Crew Resource Management and Maritime Crew Resource Management; it is because of minimizing ship accidents at sea. The next part of this paper is designated to evaluate the Bridge Resource Management, Bridge Team Man-agement and Human factors in depth. It should be noted that the necessary techniques in bridge team man-agement should be clarified based on the consideration of the issues that why bridge team management is ar-ranged. The next segment of this paper is dedicated to consider the ways of minimizing ship accidents by offering optimum training methods for the future seafarers. The last part of this paper is designated to assess the qualification of maritime lecturers based on STCW95 Convention and the MARCON project for teaching the Bridge Resource Management.
The primary purpose of a marine casualty investigation is to seek to establish the causal factors of the casualty with a view to learning the hard lessons and avoiding a repetition. The broad questions of an investigation: ""who?, what?, when?, where?, why?, and how?"", all help to uncover the facts. The investigation sequence will cover a diverse range of fact-finding activities, amongst which, as often the case, may be a requirement for “conducting specialised studies”. Following the fact-finding stage the typical investigation progresses to analysis of the facts, reaches conclusions and makes recommendations. Keeping an open mind, to avoid premature conclusions, requires the separation of the fact-finding and analysis phases. But the analysis may well help to identify missing pieces of evidence, or different lines of enquiry that may otherwise have gone undetected. As an effective reconstruction tool, a full-mission bridge simulator offers an opportunity to examine a broad spectrum of environmental conditions and vessel characteristics, as well as equipment failures, human factors and operating procedures. A casualty incident can be reconstructed in a real-time simulated environment, to aid more detailed analysis. Within the usual confines of the legal process, comprehension of nautical ‘black magic’ is greatly simplified for non-mariners, by seeing the simulated casualty incident unfold, in real-time or in selected short-time segments.
Content available Analysis of Sea Accidents in 2006
There are less than a hundred accidents and incidents reported in 2006. The information about accidents was logged on to Centre of Documentation, Research and Experimentation on Accidental Water Pollution (CEDRE) and International Maritime Organization websites. Types of ships involved in accidents, location of casualties, types of initial events, consequences and seasons of sea accident were analysed.
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