Transportation of people and freight is carried out with the use of railways, roads, airways and waterways. Polish and European railway carriers can compete with other modes of transport only if technical and construction norms of railways are standardized. Currently the European mark et for rail transport covers diverse technical and operational standards. These include among others: technical solutions of overhead line, permissible curve radii limits, types of rail track facilities, platform heights, clearance. A variety of the existing systems and related regulations is a serious barrier in an attempt to make technical standards uniform across Europe. Similar problems also occur in the Polish technical standards related to railway infrastructure. Despite the consistency of the current technical standards in regulations and norms regarding surveys of the geometry of rail track facilities, there are inconsistencies in the field of surveying, diagnostics, and even mapping. Rail track facilities, such as turnouts and crossovers are among the most sensitive places in the railway tracks. They may result in reducing the speed of trains running via through stations. Also they significantly inhibit motion works on holding tracks and marshalling yards. Increasing rail infrastructure decapitalization leads to a decrease in the level of transportation safety and rail capacity.