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Analysis of the ecological effectiveness of passenger transport by jets of various sizes

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Języki publikacji
EN
Abstrakty
EN
The article’s aim was to compare an ecological effectiveness of a common jetliner with 189 passenger capacity flying on two CFM engines and a very light jet business aircraft designed to carry up to 8 people on board. The carried-out analysis showed that the NOx emission per passenger in Very Light Jet (VLJ) is three times higher than in common jet airliner, furthermore there is 15 times difference in CO emission. Based on the results of the analysis, it can be stated that it is appropriate to extend the certification of engines to smaller units, as well as to adjust the LTO test beyond laboratory conditions.
Czasopismo
Rocznik
Strony
252--256
Opis fizyczny
Bibliogr. 17 poz., fot. kolor., wykr.
Twórcy
autor
autor
Bibliografia
  • [1] International Civil Aviation Organization (ICAO). International Standards and Recommended Practices. Annex 16 to the Convention on International Civil Aviation - Environmental Protection. Aircraft Engine Emissions. 3rd edition. 2008, 2.
  • [2] MERKISZ, J., MARKOWSKI, J., ŚLUSARZ, G. et al. Comparative analysis of exhaust emission tests for a turbine engine. Combust. Engines. 2015, 162(3), 449-455.
  • [3] PAWLAK, M., MAJKA, A., KUŹNIAR, M., PAWLUCZY, J. Emission of selected exhaust compounds in jet engines of a jet aircraft in cruise phase. Combustion Engines. 2018, 57(2), 67-72.
  • [4] International Civil Aviation Organization (ICAO). Operational opportunities to minimize fuel use and reduce emissions Cir 303/AN176. 2003.
  • [5] MAJKA, A. Ekologiczne aspekty wspomagania startu samolotu systemem wykorzystującym zjawisko magnetycznej lewitacji. Logistyka. 2015, 4, 593-602.
  • [6] International Civil Aviation Organization (ICAO). Environmental Branch, ICAO Environmental Report 2016, aviation and climate change. 2016.
  • [7] EEA, EASA and Eurocontrol. European Aviation Environmental Report 2019. 2019.
  • [8] International Civil Aviation Organization (ICAO). Guidance on Aircraft Emissions Charges Related to Local Air Quality, Doc 9884. 2007.
  • [9] International Civil Aviation Organization (ICAO), Airport air quality manual. 2011.
  • [10] PAWLAK, M., KUŹNIAR, M. Problematyka emisji toksycznych składników spalin silników lotniczych. Autobusy. 2017, 12, 338-344.
  • [11] NOWAK, M., JASIŃSKI, R., GALANT, M. Implementation of the LTO cycle in flight conditions using FNPT II MCC simulator. IOP Conference Series: Materials Science and Engineering. 2018, 421, 10.
  • [12] MERKISZ, J., GALANT, M., KARIŃSKI, D., KUBIAK, K. Evaluation of possibility to use the LTO cycle for emission test on example of the model turbine engine GTM-120. J. Mech. Transp. Eng. 2014, 66(2), 25-33.
  • [13] www.statista.com
  • [14] www.easa.europa.eu
  • [15] www.boeing.com
  • [16] www.hondajet.com
  • [17] www.parisaeroport.fr
Typ dokumentu
Bibliografia
Identyfikator YADDA
bwmeta1.element.baztech-da4e6ddc-2e2a-461b-9155-748d9e06332b
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