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Adoption of sawah eco-technology in rice production by farm households in Kebbi State, Nigeria

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PL
Zastosowanie eko-technologii sawah w produkcji ryżu przez gospodarstwa rolne w stanie Kebbi w Nigerii
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EN
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EN
This study examined factors influencing the adoption of sawah technology in Kebbi State, Nigeria. Sawah refers to levelled rice field surrounded by banks with inlet and outlet for irrigation and drainage. Using pre-tested interview guide, data were collected from 300 sawah farmers in the study area. Data collected were analysed with both descriptive and inferential statistics using STATA package. The results showed that respondents were predominantly male, married and had no formal education. The mean age of was 48.13 years with mean household size of 14 persons; farm sizes ranged from 1–50 hectares with average of 4.70 ha, the mean yield was 6.88 t∙ha–1. The results further showed that bond construction had 100% adoption, nursery 99%, puddling 98%, flooding 95%, leveling and smoothening 94% and power tiller use 88% adoption. Adoption of sawah technology was influenced by socio economic characteristics which include sex, age, educational level, farm size, yield and income of the farmers. The study also showed that the attributes of sawah, production factors, information and extension and perception of respondent toward sawah technology influenced adoption. It is concluded that the sawah eco-technology is widely adopted by rice farmers in Kebbi State. The study therefore recommended that dissemination of sawah to other states in Nigeria need to consider factors that promote its adoption. Improvement of those factors that significantly affect adoption of sawah technology is also recommended.
PL
Badano czynniki wpływające na stosowanie technologii sawah w stanie Kebbi w Nigerii. Sawah oznacza wyrównane pola ryżowe otoczone wałami z dopływem i odpływem wody do nawodnień i drenażu. Stosując sprawdzony uprzednio schemat wywiadu, zebrano dane od 300 rolników stosujących technologię sawah na badanym obszarze. Zebrane dane analizowano statystycznie z użyciem programu STATA. Wyniki wskazują, że ankietowani to w większości żonaci mężczyźni bez formalnego wykształcenia. Średnia wieku wynosiła 48,13 lat, liczba osób w gospodarstwie – 14, wielkość gospodarstwa – od 1 do 50 ha ze średnią 4,70 ha, a średni plon wynosił 6,88 t∙ha–1. Wyniki dowiodły również, że konstrukcje wzmacniające stosowane w tej technologii zyskały 100% akceptacji respondentów, szkółki – 99%, uszczelnianie gliną – 98%, zalewanie – 95%, wyrównywanie pól – 94%, a stosowanie mechanicznych kultywatorów – 88%. Na akceptację technologii sawah wpływały czynniki społeczno-ekonomiczne takie jak płeć, wiek, poziom wykształcenia, wielkość gospodarstwa, plon i przychody rolników. Badania dowiodły również, że właściwości sawah, czynniki produkcyjne, informacja i percepcja technologii przez respondentów wpływały na jej akceptację. Podsumowując, eko-technologia sawah jest szeroko akceptowana przez rolników w stanie Kebbi. Zaleca się, aby czynniki wpływające na akceptację technologii zostały uwzględnione przy poszerzaniu tej technologii na inne stany Nigerii. Pożądane jest również polepszanie tych czynników, które kształtują pozytywny odbiór technologii sawah przez rolników.
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Bibliogr. 31 poz., tab.
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Bibliografia
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  • WAKATSUKI T., BURI M.M. 2008. General concept of sawah system. In: The sawah system of rice production. Ed. M.M. Buri, R.N. Issaka, T. Wakatsuki. CSIR-Soil Research Institute, Kumasi, Ghana. pp. 6-27.
  • WAKATSUKI T., BURI M.M., OBALUM S.E., BAM R., OLADELE O.I., ADEMILUYI S.Y., Azogu I.I. 2011. Farmers’ personal irrigated sawah systems to realize the green revolution and Africa’s rice potential. [1st International Conference on Rice for Food, Market, and Development (rice-Africa)]. [3–5.03. 2011 Abuja, Nigeria].
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Typ dokumentu
Bibliografia
Identyfikator YADDA
bwmeta1.element.baztech-d41b19a4-5d63-435e-85e4-45f45bfdd3d1
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