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http://yadda.icm.edu.pl:443/baztech/element/bwmeta1.element.baztech-b5ae9aff-5224-4966-a50d-031301130130

Czasopismo

Journal of Ecological Engineering

Tytuł artykułu

Particularities of Forming Desert Pastures Near Settlements of Southern Balkhash (Kazakhstan)

Autorzy Kubenkulov, Kanaibek  Naushabaev, Ashat  Abdirahymov, Niet  Rustemov, Bagdat  Bazarbaev, Samat 
Treść / Zawartość
Warianty tytułu
Języki publikacji EN
Abstrakty
EN The results of field soil-and-geobotanical research study of the pastures near settlement Lepsy located in the desert area of the Almaty region are shown. The particularities of the climatic conditions for the formation of desert pastures in Southern Balkhash area are described. The characteristics of the plant cover of the pastures and the graybrown soils formed under them are provided. The effects of long unsystematic use of the pastures in the conditions of the growth of concentrated grazing areas near settlements on the degradation of the plant and soil covers have been identified, and four stages of degradation have been outlined by seven indicators. In determining the boundaries, the spectrometric characteristics of the surface of the pastures in the spectrum of near-infrared (600–750 nm), blue (400–500 nm), and red (500–600 nm) bands were used.
Słowa kluczowe
EN degradation   pasture   dominant   soil   spectral brightness coefficient  
Wydawca Polskie Towarzystwo Inżynierii Ekologicznej
Czasopismo Journal of Ecological Engineering
Rocznik 2019
Tom Vol. 20, nr 8
Strony 129--134
Opis fizyczny Bibliogr. 15 poz., rys., tab.
Twórcy
autor Kubenkulov, Kanaibek
  • Kazakh National Agrarian University, Abay Avenue 8, Almaty, 050010, Kazakhstan, kem_707@mail.ru
autor Naushabaev, Ashat
  • Kazakh National Agrarian University, Abay Avenue 8, Almaty, 050010, Kazakhstan
autor Abdirahymov, Niet
  • Kazakh National Agrarian University, Abay Avenue 8, Almaty, 050010, Kazakhstan
autor Rustemov, Bagdat
  • Kazakh National Agrarian University, Abay Avenue 8, Almaty, 050010, Kazakhstan
autor Bazarbaev, Samat
  • Kazakh National Agrarian University, Abay Avenue 8, Almaty, 050010, Kazakhstan
Bibliografia
1. Alimaev I.I., Skopintseva I.B., Basova T.A., Krylova B.S. 2017. Ustoichivoe upravlenie pastbishchnymi resursami Kazakhstana s ispolzovaniem GIS-tekhnologii [Sustainable pasture resources management in Kazakhstan using GIS technologies]. Issues of Geography and Geoecology, Almaty, 2, 64–73.
2. Borovsky V.M. 1989. Ekologiya aridnykh pastbishch mira [Ecology of arid pastures of the world]. In the book: Genezis i melioratsiya pochv Kazakhstana [Genesis and melioration of soils in Kazakhstan]. Alma-Ata, Nauka, 208–221.
3. Faizov K.S. 1980. Pochvy pustynnoi zony Kazakhstana [Soils of the desert zone of Kazakhstan]. Alma-Ata, Nauka.
4. Final report of Kazakhstan on UNCCD project Land Degradation Neutrality, LDN, Ministry of Agriculture of Kazakhstan, Astana, 2018.
5. Guidelines and methods of botanic-forage surveys of grasslands and pastures in the territory of Kazakhstan. Alma-Ata, 1969. 87 p.
6. Instruktsiya po provedeniyu krupnomasshtabnykh izyskanii zemel Respubliki Kazakhstan [Guidelines for large-scale land surveys in the Republic of Kazakhstan] 1995. Almaty, 115 p.
7. Karmanov I.I. 1974. Spektralnaya otrazhatelnaya sposobnost i tsvet pochv kak pokazatel ikh svoistv [Soil spectral reflectance and color as an indicator of soil properties]. Moscow, Kolos.
8. Levitskaya Z.P. 1973. Vodno-fizicheskie svoistva i zapasy produktivnoi vlagi pustynno-pastbishchnoi zony Kazakhstana [Water-physical properties and reserves of productive moisture in the desert-pasture zones of Kazakhstan]. Reference book. Alma-Ata. OVGM Department of the Kazakh Hydrometeorology and Environment Monitoring Agency. The Alma-Ata Hydrometeorological Observatory, 46–51.
9. Lobova E.V. 1960. Pochvy pustynnoi zony SSSR [Soils of the desert zone of the USSR]. Moscow, Publishing House of USSR AS.
10. Strategicheskie mery po borbe s opustynivaniem v Respublike Kazakhstan do 2025 goda [Strategic measures to combat desertification in the Republic of Kazakhstan till 2025]. 2015. Astana, 336.
11. The Law of the Republic of Kazakhstan № 47-IV LRK. 20 February 2017. Available: http://adilet.zan.kz/eng/docs/Z1700000047
12. Torekhanov A.A. 2005. Prirodnye pastbishcha Yugo-vostoka [Natural pastures of the Southeast]. Almaty: Kazakh State Institute of Scientific-Technical Information, 203 p;
13. UNDP/GM SGP/GEF OF “Farmer of Kazakhstan”. Mobilizatsiya obshchin v Tsentralnoi Azii: Vnedrenie ustoichivogo upravleniya zemelnymi resursami na urovne obshchin i narashchivanie potentsiala mestnogo naseleniya. Mestnye obshchiny v borbe s degradatsiei pastbishch [Mobilization of communities in Central Asia: Introduction of sustainable land management at the level of communities and building the potential of local population. Local communities in combating the degradation of pastures]. Almaty, 2007.
14. Zakarin E.A., Spivak L.F., Arkhipkin O.P., Muratova N.R., Terekhov A.G. 1999. Metody distantsionnogo zondirovaniya v selskom khozyaistve Kazakhstana [Remote sensing methods in the agriculture of Kazakhstan]. Almaty, Gylym.
15. Zhambakin J.A. 1995. Pastbishcha Kazakhstana [Pastures of Kazakhstan]. Almaty, Publishing house Kaynar.
Kolekcja BazTech
Identyfikator YADDA bwmeta1.element.baztech-b5ae9aff-5224-4966-a50d-031301130130
Identyfikatory
DOI 10.12911/22998993/110768