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Inventory of pollutant emission from motor vehicles in Poland using the COPERT 5 software

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Warianty tytułu
Języki publikacji
EN
Abstrakty
EN
This article presents results of the inventory of pollutant emission from motor vehicles in Poland. To determine emission from motor vehicles in Poland COPERT 5 software was used for the first time. In addition, a comparison of the national emission from motor vehicles in 2016 and in 2015 was included. Pollutants harmful to health were considered primarily: carbon monoxide, organic compounds, nitrogen oxides and particulate matter. Emission of substances contributing to the intensification of the greenhouse effect were also examined: carbon dioxide, ammonia and nitrous oxide. It was found that the relative increase in volume of emission of carbon monoxide and non-methane volatile organic compounds is less than 10%, and nitrogen oxides and particulate matter less than 15%. The relative increase in carbon dioxide emission is approximately 14%, which corresponds to a relative increase in fuel consumption. The relative increase of volume of heavy metal emission is similar. The assessment of the energy emission factor (emission of pollution related to energy equal to used fuel) proves that - amongst pollutants harmful to health - for carbon monoxide and non-methane volatile organic compounds there is a relative reduction by approximately 5% in 2016, and for nitrogen oxides and particulate matter - increase by approximately (3-4)%.
Czasopismo
Rocznik
Strony
150--154
Opis fizyczny
Bibliogr. 6 poz., wykr.
Twórcy
  • Faculty of Automotive and Construction Machinery Engineering, Warsaw University of Technology, jakub.lasocki@pw.edu.pl
Bibliografia
  • [1] BEBKIEWICZ, K., CHŁOPEK, Z., SZCZEPAŃSKI, K., ZIMAKOWSKA-LASKOWSKA, M. Assessment of results of pollutant emission inventory of the road transport sector in Poland in 2000-2015. The Archives of Automotive Engineering - Archiwum Motoryzacji. 2017, 78(4), 5-25.
  • [2] BEBKIEWICZ, K., CHŁOPEK, Z., SZCZEPAŃSKI, K., ZIMAKOWSKA-LASKOWSKA, M. Issues of modeling the total pollutant emission from vehicles. Proceedings of the Institute of Vehicles. 2017, 1(110), 103-118.
  • [3] BEBKIEWICZ, K., CHŁOPEK, Z., SZCZEPAŃSKI, K., ZIMAKOWSKA-LASKOWSKA, M. Results of air emission inventory from road transport in Poland in 2014. Proceedings of the Institute of Vehicles. 2017, 1(110), 77-88.
  • [4] COPERT Training 5. COPERT 5 vs COPERT 4. European Environment Agency. 2016. http://emisia.com/sites/default/files/COPERT_5_features.pdf. (2019-02-06).
  • [5] EMEP/EEA air pollutant emission inventory guidebook - 2016. European Environment Agency.
  • [6] Poland’s Informative Inventory Report 2018. Submission under the UN ECE Convention on Long-range Transboundary Air Pollution and the Directive (EU) 2016/2284 Warszawa, National Centre for Emission Management (KOBiZE) at the Institute of Environmental Protection - National Research Institute. February 2018.
Typ dokumentu
Bibliografia
Identyfikator YADDA
bwmeta1.element.baztech-b2c2fda4-0b3d-4eff-9673-6f01779b9de9
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