PL EN


Preferencje help
Widoczny [Schowaj] Abstrakt
Liczba wyników
Tytuł artykułu

Wykorzystanie 210Pb i metali ciężkich do oceny tempa współczesnej sedymentacji zanieczyszczonych osadów fluwialnych w dolinie górnej Warty

Identyfikatory
Warianty tytułu
EN
Using 210Pb end heavy metals to estimate Recent sedimentation rates of polluted fluvial deposits in Upper Warta River Valley
Języki publikacji
PL
Abstrakty
EN
River floodplains have been recognized as an important sink for suspended sediments and associated contaminants mobilized from upstream catchments. However, information on rates of overbank sedimentation within time span of several tens of years is impossible to obtain using conventional sediment traps. Measurements of the 210Pb content in floodplain sediments provide an alternative approach for obtaining estimates of medium-term (100–150 years) rates of overbank sediment deposition. The use of 210Pb method and heavy metals concentration profiles allowed to obtain retrospective estimates of recent sedimentation rates on floodplain of the Warta River (the Cracow Upland, southern Poland). The results are compared with dating of sediment layers by characteristic peaks of heavy metal concentrations. The highest sediment accretion rate, of the order of 1 cm/year, was found in a levee along river bank. Sediment deposition in flood basin is much slower and usually does not exceed 1 mm/year.
Rocznik
Strony
888--894
Opis fizyczny
bibliogr. 25 poz. tab., wykr.
Twórcy
autor
autor
autor
autor
  • Wydział Geologii, Geofizyki i Ochrony Środowiska, Akademia Górniczo-Hutnicza, al. Mickiewicza 30, 30-059 Kraków, lokas@agh.edu.pl
Bibliografia
  • APPLEBY P.G. & OLDFIELD F. 1978 - The calculation of 210Pb dates assuming a constant rate of supply of unsupported 210Pb to the sediment. Catena, 5: 1-8.
  • BOLVIKEN B., BOGEN J., JARTUN M., LANGEDAL M., OTTESEN R.T. & VOLDEN T. 2004 - Overbank sediments: a natural bed blending sampling medium for large-scale geochemical mapping. Chem. Int. Lab. Syst., 74: 183-199.
  • BROWN A.G. 1996 - Floodplain paleśnvironments. [W:] M.G. Anderson, D.E. Walling & P.D. Bates (eds.) Floodplain Processes. John Wiley, Chichester, 95-138.
  • CAPPUYNS V. & SWENNEN R. 2004 - Secondary mobilization of heavy metals in overbank sediments. J. Env. Monit., 6: 434-440.
  • CISZEWSKI D. & MALIK I. 2004 - The use of heavy metal concentrations and dendrochronology in the reconstruction of sediment accumulation, Mała Panew River valley, souther Poland. Geomorph., 58: 161-174.
  • FARMER J.G., MACKENZIE A.B., EADES L.J., KIRIKA A. & BAILEY-WATTS A.E. 1997 - Influences on the extent and record of heavy metal pollution in sediment cores from Loch Tay in a mineralized area of Scotland. J. Geochem. Explor., 58: 195-202.
  • FORUSIAK K., MALARSKI T., BOLA J. & MANDRYSZ J. 2003 - Huta Częstochowa 1896-2002. Jurapress, Częstochowa.
  • GOODBREAD S.L., KUEHL S.A. 1998 - Floodplain processes in the Bengal basin and the storage of Ganges-Brahmaputra river sediment: an accretion study using 137Cs and 210Pb geochronology. Sed. Geol., 121: 239-258.
  • HE Q. & WALLING D.E. 1996 - Use of fallout Pb-210 measurements to investigate longer-term rates and patterns of overbank sediment deposition on the floodplains of lowland rivers. Earth Surface Processes and Landforms, 21: 141-154.
  • HOŁYŃSKA B., OSTACHOWICZ B., OSTACHOWICZ J., SAMEK L., WACHNIEW P., OBIDOWICZ A., WOBRAUSCHEK P., STRELI C. & HALMETSCHLAGER G. 1998 - Characterisation of Pb-210 dated peat core by various X-ray fluorescence techniques. Sci. Total Env., 218: 239-248.
  • HOŁYŃSKA B., OSTACHOWICZ J., SAMEK L., STRELI C., WACHNIEW P. & WOBRAUSCHEK P. 2002 - Time dependence characterization of Pb and Br concentrations in samples from ombrotrophic peat bogs in Austria and Poland by energy-dispersive x-ray fluorescence spectrometry. X-ray Spectr., 31: 12-15.
  • JENSEN A. 1997 - Historical deposition rates of Cd, Cu, Pb and Zn in Norway and Sweden estimated by 210Pb dating and measurement of trace elements in cores of peat bogs. Water Air Soil Pollut., 95: 205-220.
  • KOTARBA A., ŁOKAS E. & WACHNIEW P. 2002 -210Pb dating of young Holocene sediments in high-mountains lakes of the Tatra mountains. Geochronometria, 21: 73-78.
  • LEWIK P. 1989 - Młode ruchy tektoniczne w północnej części Wyżyny Wieluńskiej. Folia Geogr. Phys., 21: 121-140.
  • MIALL D. 1996 - The Geology of Fluvial Deposits. Sedimentary Facies, Basin Analysis and Petroleum Geology. Springer, Berlin, 1-582.
  • OWCZAREK P. 2002 - The differentiation of the conditions of alluvial sedimentation in the Warta gorge through the Cracov Upland, Poland. Quaest. Geogr., 22: 59-66.
  • PIZZUTO J.E. 1987 - Sediment diffusion during overbank flows. Sedimentology, 34: 301-317.
  • PEMPKOWIAK J. & WALKUSZ-MIOTK J. 1994 - Heavy metals in the Baltic surface sediments. Bull. Pol. Acad. Sc. Earth Sc., 42: 39-47.
  • PREISS N., MÉLIČRES M.-A. & POURCHET M. 1996 - A compilation of data on lead 210 concentration in surface and water-sediment interfaces. Journal of Geophysical Research, 101, nr D22: 28,847-28,862.
  • RIDGEWAY J. & SHIMMIELD G. 2002 - Estuaries as repositories of historical contamination and their impact on shelf seas. Estuar. Coast. Shelf Sc., 55: 903-928.
  • ROWAN J.S., BARNES S.J.A., HETHERINGTON S.L., LAMBERS B. & PARSONS F. 1995 - Geomorphology and pollution: the environmental impacts of lead mining, Leadhills, Scotland. J.Geoch. Explor., 52: 57-65.
  • WALLING D.E., OWENS P.N. & LEEKS G.J.L. 1999 - Rates of contemporary overbank sedimentation and sediment storage on the floodplains of the main channel systems of the Yorkshire Ouse and River Tweed, UK. Hydrol. Procc., 13: 993-1009.
  • VAN GEN A., ADKINS J.F., BOYLE E.A., NELSON C.H. & PALANQUES A. 1997 - A 120 yr record of widespread contamination from mining of the Iberian pyrite belt. Geology, 25: 291-294.
  • ZWOLSMAN J.J.G., BERGER G.W. & VAN ECK G.T.M. 1993 - Sediment accumulation rates, historical input, postdepositional mobility and retention of major elements and trace metals in salt marsh sediments of the Scheldt estuary, SW Netherlands. Mar. Chem., 44: 73-94.
  • ZWOLIŃSKI Z. 1992 - Sedimentology and geomorphology of overbank flows on meandering river floodplains. Geomorphology, 4: 367-379.
Typ dokumentu
Bibliografia
Identyfikator YADDA
bwmeta1.element.baztech-article-BUS2-0012-0041
JavaScript jest wyłączony w Twojej przeglądarce internetowej. Włącz go, a następnie odśwież stronę, aby móc w pełni z niej korzystać.