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Journal of KONES

Tytuł artykułu

Alternative fuels and technologies for compression ignition internal combustion engines

Autorzy Bereczky, A. 
Treść / Zawartość
Warianty tytułu
Języki publikacji EN
EN The traditional use of fossil-based fuels is now widely considered unsustainable because of depleting their natural resources. Potential substitutes of fossil fuels are oils of renewable origin such as various vegetable and non-edible oils. The aim of using these oils or their methyl esters (biodiesel) is to establish and maintain a balance between agriculture, economy and environment protection. However, realizing the increasing demand of raw materials currently used can be achieved not only by increasing the production area but also by introducing new materials or technologies. The article presents and evaluates modern raw fuel components that are currently being investigated. Furthermore, the article deals with the dual fuel combustion technology in detail, with which the processed fuels are becoming available for use in Compression Ignition (CI) engines, where conventional blending is difficult or their use exclusively in diesel engines is economically unjustified. In case of dual fuel engine systems, the primary fuel, such as (wet)ethanol, methanol, LPG, H2 etc. is injected into the intake manifold of the engine and the premixed mixture simultaneously produced is ignited by the pilot diesel fuel as secondary fuel injected directly into the engine cylinder. This technology can significantly reduce exhaust emissions and can slightly increase engine efficiency. The achievements in this field and recently obtained results by the author and his research group are also presented. Exhaust emissions, performance and combustion characteristics were measured and analyzed with respect to several operating parameters as follows: premixed ratio (rp), pilot timing and engine load.
Słowa kluczowe
EN alternative fuels   air pollution   environmental protection   dual fuel technology  
Wydawca Łukasiewicz Research Network - Institute of Aviation
European Science Society of Powertrain and Transport KONES Poland
Wydawnictwo Instytutu Technicznego Wojsk Lotniczych
Czasopismo Journal of KONES
Rocznik 2012
Tom Vol. 19, No. 4
Strony 43--51
Opis fizyczny Bibliogr. 29 poz., rys.
autor Bereczky, A.
  • Budapest University of Technologies and Economics Department of Energy Engineering Muegyetem rkp 3-9, 1111 Budapest, Hungary tel.: +36 1 4632613, fax: +36 1 4631762,
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Kolekcja BazTech
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