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http://yadda.icm.edu.pl:443/baztech/element/bwmeta1.element.baztech-article-BUJ5-0033-0101

Czasopismo

Journal of KONES

Tytuł artykułu

Comparison of unburnt hydrocarbon emissions for diesel engines fueled by diesel oil and rapeseed fuel

Autorzy Rusin, M. 
Treść / Zawartość
Warianty tytułu
Języki publikacji EN
Abstrakty
EN The article presents the results of the of the HC emissions composition for the compression ignition - diesel engine fuelled with rapeseed fuel (a mixture of methyl esters of fatty acids - RSME). The investigations were conducted on a turbocharged, four-cylinder compression-ignition engine type T370 (of 80 hW power at 2400 rpm engine speed and maximum torque of 400 Nm at 1440 rpm engine speed, with bore/stroke 110 mm /l20 mm, displacement volume 4560 cm3, compression ratio 17). For the exhaust toxicity investigations the eauipment of Signal and AVL companies was used, and for composition of nonregulated hydrocarbons emissions investigations the Hewlett Packard Company chromatograph type HP-5890II was used. The investigations were conducted under engine full load at maximum torque speed and for engine rotational speed of the rated power. Chromatographic test for emissions were collected using special equipment and special procedures. The article presents the results of chromatographic investigations focusedon: benzene, toluene and acetaldehyde. It was found that the percentage of emission of individual components in the total emissions of HC was independent of the fuel used. However, due to the fact that in the case of rape fuel, emission of unburned HC was smaller and smaller were the absolute amounts of emissions components. Thus, emissions from combustion of rape fuel are less harmful than emissions from the engine fuelled with diesel oil.
Słowa kluczowe
EN transport   CI internal combustion engines   motor fuels   alternative fuels   toxic exhaust emissions  
Wydawca Łukasiewicz Research Network - Institute of Aviation
European Science Society of Powertrain and Transport KONES Poland
Wydawnictwo Instytutu Technicznego Wojsk Lotniczych
Czasopismo Journal of KONES
Rocznik 2009
Tom Vol. 16, No. 4
Strony 549--555
Opis fizyczny Bibliogr. 11 poz., rys.
Twórcy
autor Rusin, M.
Bibliografia
[1] Boam, D. J., et al., The sources of Unburnt Hydrocarbon Emissions from Spark Ignition Engines during Cold Starts and Warm-up, FISITA Congress, No. C448/064, London 1992.
[2] Egeback, K., Laurikko, J., Ryden, Ch., Emission Characteristics when Using Bioethanol as a Fuel for Passenger Cars, FISITA Congress, No. F98P162, Paris 1998.
[3] Glassman, I., Combustion, Academic Press, San Diego - Toronto 1996.
[4] Heywood, J. B., Internal Combustion Engine Fundamentals, McGraw Hill, New York 1988.
[5] Jankowski, A., Sęczyk, J., Reksa, M., Sitnik, L., Rape Seed Oil Metyl Ester Fuel as Alternative Diesel Fuel for High Speed Diesel Engines For Urban Buses, Natural Gas and Alternative Fuels for Engines, ASME Transactions, ICE Vol. 24, 1994.
[6] Jankowski, A., Sendel, A., Exhaust Emission Problems of Internal Combustion Engines Fueled with Biofuels, Journal of KONES, Internal Combustion Engines, Vol. 10, No. 3-4, 2003.
[7] Lefebvre, A. H., The Role Fuel Preparation in Low-Emission Combustion, Transactions of theASME, Journal of Engineering for Gas Turbines and Power, Vol. 117, pp. 617-654, 1995.
[8] Pągowski, Z., Krzyżanowski, R., Wiślicki, B., Zawadzki, A., Proecological Fuels for Diesel Engines, Proceedings of ISATA XXVI, AAL Croydon, Aachen 1993.
[9] Pągowski, Z., Rusin, M., Biopaliw-od kopalń po lotnictwo, Materiały Seminarium pn.: Paliwa płynne w Polsce - współczesne wyzwania, Płock 2000.
[10] Tinaut, F. V., Melgar, A., Bricenda, V. C., Motor Biofuels, History, Current Status and Future Perspectives, FISITA Congress, No. F98P081, Paris 1998.
[11] Warnatz, J., Maas, U., Dible, R. W., Combustion, Springer Verlag, Berlin, Heidelberg, New York 2001.
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