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http://yadda.icm.edu.pl:443/baztech/element/bwmeta1.element.baztech-article-BUJ5-0033-0057

Czasopismo

Journal of KONES

Tytuł artykułu

Toxicity of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) in diesel exhausts

Autorzy Janicka, A.  Walkowiak, W.  Tkaczyk, M.  Czarny, A.  Zaczyńska, E. 
Treść / Zawartość
Warianty tytułu
Języki publikacji EN
Abstrakty
EN The paper presents results of analysis of Polycyclic Aromatic Hydrocarbons (PAHs) concentration and toxicity emitted from 1,9 TDI self-ignition. Because of unstable parameters of self-ignition engine work (pressure and temperature jumps), PAHs were extracted from two phases: gas phase and solid phase (particle matter - PM). A chromatographic method (Capillary gas Chromatography) of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons identification and analysis, because of their low level of concentration in exhaust gases, needed to be supported by sample purification and enrichment stages. Calibration of the chromatograph was made by attested mixture of 16 model samples (according to EPA, USA). Two different methods for toxicity estimation was used in this researches. The authors used relative carcinogenic coefficients (RCC) which was determined by Nisbet and LaGoy for individual polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons in relation to benzo(a)pirene. Samples consist PAHs was also tested for cytotoxicity in standardized cell-culture system (human cell line A549, mouse fibroblasts line cell L929). Cell growth, cell morphology and cell viability were used as parameters to determine the cytotoxicity of the materials. The measure the lethality effect on cells was determined spectrophotometrically with the use of a mitochondrial enzyme activity assay for mitochondrial succinate dehydrogenase activity by 3-(4,5-dimethylthiazol-2-yl)-2,5-diphenyltetrazolium bromide (MTT assay). Cells were exposed to the biomaterials for 24, 72 and 120 h. The results of in vitro tests are discussible. A lach of correlation between toxicity measurement methods which was used in these researches was observed.
Słowa kluczowe
EN polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons   exhaust toxicity  
Wydawca Łukasiewicz Research Network - Institute of Aviation
European Science Society of Powertrain and Transport KONES Poland
Wydawnictwo Instytutu Technicznego Wojsk Lotniczych
Czasopismo Journal of KONES
Rocznik 2009
Tom Vol. 16, No. 4
Strony 195--199
Opis fizyczny Bibliogr. 7 poz., rys.
Twórcy
autor Janicka, A.
autor Walkowiak, W.
autor Tkaczyk, M.
autor Czarny, A.
autor Zaczyńska, E.
  • Wroclaw University of Technology Institute of Machine Design and Operation Wybrzeze Wyspianskiego Street 27, 50-370 Wrocław, Poland tel/fax: +48 71 3477918, anna.janicka@pwr.wroc.pl
Bibliografia
[1] Czarny, A, Zaczyńska, E, Mendyka, B., Janicka, A., Influence of biodiesel exhaust on NF-kB activation and TNF-alfa production in.human lung and peripheral blood leukocytes, in vitro, Materiały Konnferencyjne IV Konferencja Naukowo-Szkoleniowa Immunomodulacja: badania doświadczalne i kliniczne, Jurata 2007.
[2] Janicka, A., Walkowiak, W., Emisja lotnych związków organicznych i wielopierścieniowych węglowodorów aromatycznych z silnika zasilanego biopaliwem, Silniki Spalinowe, 46, Nr SC3, s. 46-53, 2007.
[3] Lizhong, Z., Hao, L., Schunguang, C., Takashi, A., Pollution level, phase distribution and souce anaysis of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons in residental air in Hangzhou, China, Journal of Hazardous Materials 162, 1165-1170, 2009.
[4] Reineke, V., Rulkotter, J., Smith, E., Rowland, S., Toxic and compositional analysis of aromatic hydrocarbon fractions of two pairs of undergraded and biodegraded crude oils from Santa Maria (California) and Vienna basins, Organic Geochemistry 37, 1885-1899, 2006.
[5] Trang, T. T. D., Byeong-Kyu, L., Characteristic, toxicity and source apportionment of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) in road dust of Ulsan, Korea, Chemosphere, 74, 1245-1253, 2009.
[6] United States Environmental Protection Agency (EPA), Organic Gases (Volatile Organic Compounds – VOC’s), http://www.epa.gov/iaq/voc.html#Health%20Effects, 2008.
[7] Xiaofang, Y., Polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbon (PAH) emission from co-fring municipal solid waste (MSW) and coal in fuidized bed incinerator, Waste Menagement, 1543-1551, 2008.
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