Comparative research of organic components of emissions using compression ignition engine fuelled with diesel oil or rape seed methyl esters
Treść / Zawartość
The results of comparative research of the organie components in the exhaust emissions of the CI engine fuelled with Diesel oil or rape seed methyl esters (RSME) were presented in this paper. The experimental works reported here was carriedout on the turbocharged, four cylinder, water cooled, CI engine, T 370 type (80 kW rated power at 2400 rpm, 400 Nm maximum torque at 1440 rpm, bore/stroke - 110/120 mm, displacement volume - 4560 cm3, compression ratio 17:1). The Signal equipment and AVL eeuipment were used for regulated exhaust emissions measurements and Hewlett Packard chromatograph type HP 5890 H for measurements of organic species emissions. The research was carried out under engine full load at maximum torque speed and at rated power speed. Using special equipment and normalized procedures the chromatographic test samples were collected. The 83 species were identified in HC emissions at these experiments but only the benzene, toluene and acetaldehyde were the components which were detected in substantial guantity. The research results show that the percentage emissions of individual components in total emissions of HC were weakly dependent on the used fuel. However in the case of RSME engine feed the HC emissions were lower than hose of the engine fuelled with Diesel oil and total emissions of their components were lower. Concluding, emissions from RSME combustion are less harmful than emissions of the engine fuelled with Diesel oil.
Bibliogr. 12 poz., rys.
-  Boam, D. J., et al., The Sources of Unburnt Hydrocarbon Emissions from Spark Ignition Engines during Cold Starts and Warm-up, FISITA Congress, No. C448/064, London 1992.
-  Egeback, K., Laurikko, J., Ryden, Ch., Emission Characteristics when Using Bioethanol as a Fuel for Passenger Cars, FISITA Congress, No. F98P162, Paris 1998.
-  Glassman, I., Combustion, Academic Press, San Diego - Toronto 1996.
-  Heywood, J. B., Internal Combustion Engine Fundamentals, McGraw Hill, New York 1988.
-  Jankowski, A., et al., Rape Seed Oil Methyl Ester Fuel as Alternative Diesel Fuel for High Speed Diesel Engines For Urban Buses, ICE Vol. 24, Natural Gas and Alternative Fuels for Engines, ASME Transactions 1994.
-  Jankowski, A., Sandel, A., Exhaust Emission Problems of Internal Combustion Engines Fuelled with Biofuels, Journal of KONES, Internal Combustion Engines, Vol. 10, No. 3-4, 2003.
-  Lefebvre, A. H., The Role Fuel Preparation in Low-Emission Combustion, Transactions of the ASME, Journal of Engineering for Gas Turbines and Power, Vol. 117, pp. 617-654, 1995.
-  Pagowski, Z., et al., Proecological Fuels for Diesel Engines, Proceedings of ISATA XXVI, AAL Croydon, Aachen 1993.
-  Pagowski, Z., Rusin, M., Biopaliwa - od kopalń po lotnictwo, Materiały Seminarium pn.: „Paliwa Płynne w Polsce - współczesne wyzwania”, Płock 2000.
-  Rusin, M., Comparison of Unburnt Hydrocarbon Emissions for Diesel Engines Fuelled by Diesel Oil and Rapeseed Fuel, Journal of KONES, Internal Combustion Engines, Vol. 16 No. 4, 2009.
-  Tinaut, F. V., Melgar, A., Bricenda, V. C., Motor Biofuels, History, Current Status and Future Perspectives, FISITA Congress, No. F98P081, Paris 1998.
-  Warnatz, J., Maas, U., Dible, R. W., Combustion, Springer Verlag, Berlin, Heidelberg, New York, 2001.