Baza danych Natura 2000 i jej znaczenie dla planowania przestrzennego w Europie
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Nature 2000 database and its role in spatial planning in Europe
The Natura 2000 network is set up under the EU.s Directives: Habitats. and Birds. To safeguard Europe.s most important wildlife areas and species. Member states are obliged to take all the necessary measures to guarantee their conservation and avoid their deterioration. The Natura 2000 had a slow start in the 1990s, but significant speed up has been done in the last five years. It.s the largest coherent network of protected areas in the world and the EU.s most efficient operational tool to protect its fauna and flora. The Treaty of Amsterdam gave the Union the task of ensuring sustainable development, with priority attached to maintaining a high level of environmental protection. And Article 6 of the Treaty establishing the European Community states that environmental protection requirements must be integrated into the definition and implementation of Community policies, including spatial development policies. The development of spatial plans as well as all environmental assessments required for new investments or policies must consider the location of Natura 2000 sites. That.s one of the reasons that the Natura 2000 database is among the high priority data in the INSPIRE structure.