Geoinformacja w społeczeństwie informacyjnym
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Geoinformation in information society
Information society (SI) is generally characterized by two features, namely: 1) public access to information 2) infrastructure level and computer technology, which enables effective information exchange and . in consequence . handling of numerous matters with the use of tele-informatics. First feature is also important for civil society, which is characterized by active participation in managing public matters, mainly through freedom of associating in non-governmental organizations, which have impact on decisions of public authorities, modifying life conditions of citizens . inhabitants of particular administrative units. Public access to information is defined by three factors: material level, which decides on availability of hardware and software, level of education, influencing effective utilization of computer technology, as well as technical and legal state of computerizing public institutions, companies and services. The last factor in fact corresponds to the second feature of information society. At the same time information society is supports of based on knowledge economy; when production processes and services become saturated with information and communication technologies, added value increases significantly, contributing to the increase of gross product of the country, i.e. to making society more wealthy. Geoinformation plays important role in the ITC market It means, that geoinformation is very important segment of information society. Benefits derived from geoinformation can be grouped as follows: access to geoinformation greatly increases knowledge about Earth and facilitates management processes; . rational integration of inventory information with planning and prognostic information improves and facilitates diagnoses and variant solutions in spatial management; . geoinformation greatly facilitates negotiations between the interested parties in physical planning and spatial management, making process of undertaking administrative decisions more efficient; . geoinformation, which is maintained in a modern way, enables to monitor processes and phenomena in geographic environment, contributing to the increase of public safety. A man lives in symbiosis with nature and man-made objects; everyday access to information of public use . e.g. meteorological and occasional access to the specialized geoinformation, e.g. cadastre, improves and facilitates conditions of life, limiting its hazards.
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