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Spacecraft electric propulsion

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Języki publikacji
This paper presents an overview of the spacecraft electric propulsion activities at the French space agency (CNES). The main existing and future projects corresponding to low earth orbits and geostationary platforms are described. The field of application of electric propulsion is the station keeping of geostationary telecommunication satellites (@BUS), main propulsion for specific probes (SMART 1, new platform for scientific mission) and fine attitude control for dedicated micro-satellites (MICROSCOPE). The Research and Technology (R&T) program is also described in the paper. It covers various activities like research on plasma physics, equipment development and qualification and research on propulsion system. The R&T activities are dedicated to performance improvements of Hall effect thrusters, cathodes, the evaluation of the different low thrust technologies for formation flying applications. A constant effort is also put on plume effect.
Opis fizyczny
Bibliogr. 26 poz., rys.
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  • 2. R. SALOMÉ, S. MARY, The Myriads Microsatellite hydrazine propulsion subsystem, 38th AIAA International Joint Propulsion Conference, July 2002.
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  • 11. M. AURIOL, P. BAUDET, O. BAUDOUIN, I. GIBEK, Therrnodynamic behaviour of MON/He mixtures, 38th AIAA Joint Propulsion Conference & Exhibit, Indianapolis (Etats-Unis), 7-10 Juillet 2002.
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  • 14. ZBIGNIEW PERADZYNSKI et al., The role of the electron energy balance in Hall thruster plasma instabilities, IEPC-2007-258.
  • 15. G. CODUTI et al., Investigation of electron transport properties in Hall thrusters through measurements of magnetic field fluctuations, IEPC-2007-143.
  • 16. CRISTIAN FOCSA et al., Simulation of the energy deposition on dielectric wall surfaces in Hall thrusters, IEPC-2007-214.
  • 17. D. GAWRON, S. MAZOUFFRE AND N. SADEGHI, A laser spectroscopic study on xe+ ion transport phenomena in a 5 kw-class Hall effect thruster, IEPC-2007-160.
  • 18. D. GAWRON, S. MAZOUFFRE, N. SADEGHI, P. LASGORCEIX, A. BOUCHOULE, Examination of Hall effect thruster acceleration layer characteritics by laser spectroscopy, near-wall probes and repulsing potential analyzer, 42nd AIAA/ASME/SAE/ASEE Joint Propulsion Conference &; Exhibit, Sacramento USA, 9-12 July 2006.
  • 19. C. BONIFACE, L. GARRIGUES, G.J.M. HAGELAAR, J.P. BOEUF, S. MAZOUFFRE, D. GAWRON, Parametric study of anomalous electron transport in high power Hall effect thruster: comparisons between experiments and model, 18th ESCAMPIG Conference, Lecce, Italy, 12-16 July 2006.
  • 20. A. DUCROCQ, J.C. ADAM, A. HERON, G. LAVAL, High-Frequency electron drift instability in the cross-field configuration of Hall Thrusters, Physics of Plasmas, 13, 102111, October 2006.
  • 21. L. GARRIGUES, G.J.M. HAGELAAR, C. BONIFACE, J.P. BOEUF, Anomalous conductivity and secondary electron emission in Hall effect thrusters, Journal of Applied Physics, 100, 123301, December 2006.
  • 22. L. ALBAREDE, T. GIBERT, A. BOUCHOULE, A. LAZURENKO, Laser injection of ultra-short electrons bursts for diagnostic of Hall thruster plasma, Plasma Sources Science and Technology.
  • 23. S. MAZOUFFRE, P. ECHEGUT AND M. DUDECK, A calibrated infrared imaging study on the steady state thermal behaviour of Hall effect thrusters, Plasma Sources Sci. Technol., 16, 13-22, 2007.
  • 24. T. TONDU, V. INGUIMBERT, J.F. ROUSSEL, F. DARNON, Angular characterisation of erosion and contamination by electric propulsion, 4th International Space Propulsion Conference, 2-9 June, Sardinia 2004.
  • 25. N. CORNU, F. MARCHANDISE, F. DARNON, D. ESTUBLIER, The PPS®1350-G Qualification Demonstration: 10500 hrs on the Ground and 5000 hrs in Flight, AIAA-Joint Propulsion Conference 2007.
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