Age and sex differences in ranges of motion and motion patterns
This study investigated the effects of age and sex on joint ranges of motion (ROMs) and motion patterns. Forty participants performed 18 motions using eight body segments at self-selected speeds. Older subjects showed smaller ROMs than younger subjects for 11 motions; the greatest difference in ROM was 44.9% for eversion/inversion of the foot. Older subjects also required more time than younger subjects to approach the peak angular velocity for six motions. In contrast, sex significantly affected ROMs but not motion patterns. Male subjects exhibited smaller ROMs than female subjects for four motions; the greatest sex-dependent difference in ROM was 29.7% for ulnar/radial deviation of the hand. The age and sex effects depended on the specific segments used and motions performed, possibly because of differences in anatomical structures and frequencies of use of the joints in habitual physical activities between the groups.
Bibliogr. 34 poz.
Opracowanie ze środków MNiSW w ramach umowy 812/P-DUN/2016 na działalność upowszechniającą naukę.